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Leduc, D. (2009). Description of Oncholaimus moanae sp. nov. (Nematoda: Oncholaimidae), with notes on feeding ecology based on isotopic and fatty acid composition. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 89(2): 337-344.
173159
Leduc, D.
2009
Description of Oncholaimus moanae sp. nov. (Nematoda: Oncholaimidae), with notes on feeding ecology based on isotopic and fatty acid composition
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
89(2): 337-344
Publication
NeMys doc_id: 17880
Available for editors  PDF available
A new free-living marine nematode species, Oncholaimus moanae sp. nov., is described from intertidal fine sand in southern New Zealand. Oncholaimus moanae sp. nov. can be distinguished from other species of the genus by the presence of a precloacal papilla bearing four pairs of short, stout spines, a post-cloacal papilla, long (.70 mm) spicules, and a demanian system with two openings situated laterally at level of uvette. The d13C signature of O. moanae sp. nov. suggests that benthic microalgae are the main carbon source for this species, but an elevated d15N signature suggests predatory feeding habits. The fatty acid composition of O. moanae sp. nov. is rich in highly unsaturated fatty acids, which are likely to originate from heterotrophic protists (e.g. ciliates). The data obtained in this study suggest, for the first time, that marine nematodes can be a high quality food source (i.e. rich in highly unsaturated fatty acids) to predators. Large nematodes living near or at the sediment surface, in particular, may represent an important trophic link between heterotrophic protists and higher trophic levels in marine sediments.
New Zealand
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2014-02-17 10:38:38Z
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