MarBEF Data System

ERMS source details

Coats, D.W.; Clamp, J.C. (2009). Ciliated Protists (Ciliophora) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 57-79 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Coats, D.W.; Clamp, J.C.
Ciliated Protists (Ciliophora) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 57-79 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.)
Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity.
Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
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The ciliates represent a ubiquitous group of protists with representatives inhabiting most marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats (Corliss 1979). Their small size, rapid reproductive rate, and ability to form desiccation-resistant resting stages ensure easy dispersal of species and colonization of suitable habitats (Fenchel and Finlay 2004). Ciliates occur from the poles to the tropics and from alpine regions to the deep sea. They survive in extreme environments, including hot springs, hypersaline lakes, and desert settings, with many species adapted to anaerobic conditions. Free-living species can be found swimming in the water column, living within interstices of flocculent sediment or tidal sands, attached to hard or soft substrates, and creeping along soil particles or epiphytic mosses. Symbiotic and parasitic species live in association with a wide variety of hosts, including other protists, planktonic and benthic invertebrates, reptiles, fish, and mammals. Most ciliates feed on bacteria, microalgae, or other protists; however, some are photosynthetic, and others consume host tissues. Ciliates are generally viewed as playing pivotal roles in microbial food webs, as they regenerate nutrients through excretion (Caron and Goldman 1990) and transform bacterial and microalgal biomass into larger particles that are easily exploited by metazoan grazers (Azam et al. 1983, Stoecker and Capuzzo 1990, Gifford 1991). The number of ciliate species inhabiting the biosphere is uncertain, but estimates range as high as 30,000 (Foissner 1999), with about 7,200 species being formally described (Corliss 1979). Of these, a relatively small percentage has been reported from the Gulf of Mexico.
Gulf of Mexico
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
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2016-07-31 09:31:44Z
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Acanthostomella obtusa Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (basis of record)
Chlamydodon mnemosyne Ehrenberg, 1835 (basis of record)
Climacocylis scalaria Brandt, 1906 (basis of record)
Codonella amphorella Biedermann, 1893 (basis of record)
Codonella cratera Leidy, 1887 (additional source)
Codonellopsis pusilla (Cleve) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Condylostoma remanei Spiegel, 1928 (additional source)
Diophrys appendiculata (Ehrenberg, 1838) Schewiakoff, 1893 (additional source)
Diophrys scutum (Dujardin, 1841) Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Donisia mirabilis (Dons, 1917) Hadzi, 1951 (additional source)
Eutintinnus tubulosus (Ostenfeld, 1899) Kofoid & Campbell, 1939 (basis of record)
Favella ehrenbergii (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Halteria grandinella (Müller, 1773) Dujardin, 1840 (additional source)
Helicostomella subulata (Ehrenberg, 1838) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Laboea strobila Lohmann, 1908 (additional source)
Lacrymaria olor O.F. Müller, 1776 (basis of record)
Litonotus anguilla (Kahl, 1930) (basis of record)
Lohmanniella oviformis Leegaard, 1915 (additional source)
Mesodinium pulex Claparède & Lachmann, 1858 (additional source)
Metacylis jörgensenii (Cleve) Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 (additional source)
Metafolliculina andrewsi Hadzi, 1938 (additional source)
Metopus contortus (Quennerstedt, 1867) (additional source)
Pleuronema coronatum Kent, 1881 (additional source)
Salpingella acuminata (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Jörgensen, 1924 (basis of record)
Stenosemella nivalis (Meunier, 1910) (additional source)
Stenosemella ventricosa (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Jörgensen, 1924 (additional source)
Strobilidium caudatum Kahl, 1932 accepted as Rimostrombidium caudatum (Kahl, 1932) Agatha & Riedel-Lorjé, 1998 (additional source)
Strobilidium conicum Kahl, 1932 accepted as Rimostrombidium conicum (Kahl, 1932) Petz & Foissner, 1992 accepted as Pelagostrobilidium conicum (Kahl, 1932) Liu, Yi, Lin, Warren & Song, 2012 (additional source)
Strombidinopsis minima (Gruber, 1884) Lynn, Montagnes, Dale, Gilron & Strom, 1991 (basis of record)
Strombidium arenicola Dragesco, 1960 (additional source)
Strombidium calkinsi Kahl, 1932 accepted as Strombidium minor Kahl, 1935 (additional source)
Strombidium capitatum (Leegaard, 1915) Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Strombidium cinctum Kahl, 1932 accepted as Spirostrombidium cinctum (Kahl, 1932) Petz, Song & Wilbert, 1995 (additional source)
Strombidium elongatum (Leegaard, 1915) Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Strombidium filificum Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Strombidium latum Kahl, 1932 (additional source)
Strombidium sulcatum Claparède & Lachmann, 1859 (additional source)
Strombidium tintinnodes Entz, 1884 (additional source)
Tintinnopsis beroidea Stein, 1867 (additional source)
Tintinnopsis lata Meunier, 1910 (additional source)
Tintinnopsis lobiancoi Daday, 1887 (additional source)
Tintinnopsis nana Lohmann, 1908 (additional source)
Tontonia appendiculariformis Fauré-Fremiet, 1914 (additional source)
Tracheloraphis phoenicopterus (Cohn, 1866) (additional source)
Uronema marina Dujardin, 1841 accepted as Uronema marinum Dujardin, 1841 (basis of record)
Xystonella treforti (Daday, 1887) (additional source)
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