MarBEF Data System

ERMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProsobranchia 
AphiaID: 102

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastropoda > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProsobranchia
Authority Milne Edwards, 1848
Status alternate representation (unaccepted as paraphyletic taxon)
Rank Subclass
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastropoda
Sources  basis of record Vaught, K.C.; Tucker Abbott, R.; Boss, K.J. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne. ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp. (look up in RoR[details]

[show all]
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvoorkieuwigenUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvoorkieuwige slakken  [details]
Direct child
taxa (2)

[sort alpha..]
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchaeogastropoda (unaccepted as paraphyletic taxon)
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMesogastropoda
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification The classification of the Gastropoda in three subclasses Prosobranchia, Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata had been set as a standard by Thiele (1929-1931) throughout the XXth century and is still presented in major textbooks (e.g. Brusca & Brusca, 2003).
Nowadays the classification of Gastropoda undergoes considerable reorganization in the attempt to bring it as close as possible to a changing phylogenetic hypothesis of the class. There is compelling evidence that Prosobranchia as classically understood is a paraphyletic taxon, and as a consequence it is being progressively abandoned. Even if one would adopt the standards of Evolutionary Systematics and tolerate paraphyletic taxa under some conditions, it would be embarrassing to maintain Prosobranchia at the same taxonomic rank as Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata, which together form a clade (Heterobranchia) which is at large the sister-group of Caenogastropoda (i.e. part of Prosobranchia).
Following essentially Bouchet & Rocroi (2005, and references therein), the former Prosobranchia are here distributed in separate subclasses (Patellogastropoda, Vetigastropoda, Cocculiniformia, Neritimorpha, and Caenogastropoda) which are all supposed to be monophyletic. [details]
Edit history
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  db_admin
2009-03-27 17:40:10Z  changed  Gofas, Serge
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  Citation: Gofas, S. (2009). Prosobranchia. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2017). European Register of Marine Species at on 2017-10-17
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
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