MarBEF Data System



ERMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys Cuvier, 1817 
AphiaID: 129370

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida incertae sedis > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtyidae
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtyidae Grube, 1850
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephthys [auctt.] (variant spelling)
Sources  original description Cuvier, Georges L., 1817. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. VOLUME 4. Les Zoophytes, les Tables, et les Planches. Deterville, Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17709
page(s): Additions & Corrections p.173 [details]

identification resource Dixon-Bridges, Kylie; Gladstone, William; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). One new species of Micronephthys Friedrich, 1939 and one new species of Nephtys Cuvier, 1817 (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida: Nephtyidae) from eastern Australia with notes on Aglaophamus australiensis (Fauchald, 1965) and a key to all Australian species. Zootaxa. 3872(5): 513-540., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3872.5.5
page(s): 531 [tabulation of Australian and Indo-pacific species of Nephtys]] [details]

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Direct child
taxa (12)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys assimilis Örsted, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys ciliata (Müller, 1788)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys cirrosa (Ehlers, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hombergii Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys hystricis McIntosh, 1900
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys incisa Malmgren, 1865
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys kersivalensis McIntosh, 1908
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys longosetosa Örsted, 1842
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys paradoxa Malm, 1874
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys pente Rainer, 1984

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephtys pulchra Rainer, 1991 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus pulcher (Rainer, 1991)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From other sources
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBanc d'Arguin [details]
Feedingtypes  omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology If Cuvier and Lamarck derived 'Nephtys' from the mythological 'Nephthys', the spelling used by some taxonomists, influentially including Savigny in "Description de l'Égypte ..." (finally published 1822, but as MS plundered for names by Savigny's colleagues), then they used a variant spelling of the name adopted in Greek for an Egyptian goddess, transliterated from heiroglyphs as Nebet-het, sister of Isis and Osiris, and companion of Set (see e.g., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephthys ).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Open softshore beaches, but also offshore to deepsea [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling Cuvier first edition "Le Règne Animal ..." (1817 vol.4, p.173) introduces Nephtys, and Lamarck (1818:314) follows that spelling, whether or not it is the same as in Savigny's MS, whereas subsequent 1830 and 1836 editions of Cuvier use the spelling Nephthys as in the Greek form of the name. As finally published Savigny's "Description de l'Égypte ..." (1822) has the Nephthys form. The spelling Nephtys as first published must be followed, and for example Quatrefages (1866:420) adheres to that spelling. But others did not. Prevailing usage today follows the original spelling. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType species Type species generally said to be Nephtys hombergii Savigny MS in Lamarck (1818). Savigny (1822) as finally published refers to "Nephthys Hombergii. Cuv. Collect. et Règn; anim. tom. IV, pag. 173". However, N. hombergii is not mentioned at all by Cuvier (1817). Cuvier (1817) introduced in "especes de Nephtys" the following six species listed as their original names in Nereis. (Nereis ciliata [Muller, 1776 = Nephtys], Nereis stellifera [Muller, 1788 = Sigalion], Nereis alba [Muller 1776 = Glycera], Nereis maculata [Linnaeus, 1767 = Phyllodoce], Nereis crassa [Gmelin in Linnaeus, 1788 = Nereis], and 'peut-etre aussi' Nereis punctata [Müller, 1788 = Nereimyra]). Thus N. hombergii was not originally included and cannot be the type species (ICZN Art.67.2) unless it is a synonym of one of the originally included species. Only Nephtys ciliata seems eligible for type species status.
 [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129370
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-07-16 08:06:51Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2012-10-25 00:07:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2014). Nephtys Cuvier, 1817. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2014) European Register of Marine Species at http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129370 on 2014-10-31
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