MarBEF Data System



ERMS taxon details

Cardium Linnaeus, 1758

137734  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137734)

accepted
Genus

Species Cardium ciliare Linnaeus, 1758 (nomen dubium)

Subgenus Cardium (Acanthocardium) Römer, 1868 accepted as Acanthocardia J.E. Gray, 1851
Species Cardium aculeatum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia aculeata (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Cardium aquilinum Mittre, 1842 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium arcuatum Montagu, 1803 accepted as Lucinella divaricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium australe G.B. Sowerby II, 1834 accepted as Fulvia australis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (original combination)
Species Cardium belgicum De Malzine, 1867 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium belticum Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
Species Cardium boreale Reeve, 1845 accepted as Serripes groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium boreale Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829)
Species Cardium bullatum Locard, 1891 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Junior homonym of Cardium bullatum Lamarck, 1819)
Species Cardium ciliatum Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Ciliatocardium ciliatum ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) represented as Ciliatocardium ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (original combination)
Species Cardium clodiense Brocchi, 1814 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
Species Cardium corallinum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Cardium crassum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
Species Cardium crenulatum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium darwini Mayer, 1866 accepted as Cardium indicum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Procardium indicum (Lamarck, 1819) (unnecessary replacement name)
Species Cardium deshayesii Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Acanthocardia deshayesii (Payraudeau, 1826) (original combination)
Species Cardium diluvianum Lamarck, 1819 † accepted as Procardium diluvianum (Lamarck, 1819) †
Species Cardium duregnei Monterosato, 1891 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Cardium echinatum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Cardium edentula Montagu, 1808 accepted as Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) represented as Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) represented as Serripes groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) (synonym)
Species Cardium edule Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Cardium eichwaldi Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
Species Cardium elegantulum Møller, 1842 accepted as Goethemia elegantula (Møller, 1842) (original combination)
Species Cardium elongatum Montagu, 1803 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (junior homonym of Cardium elongatum Bruguière, 1789)
Species Cardium erinaceus Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Acanthocardia spinosa (Lightfoot, 1786) (synonym)
Species Cardium exiguum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
Species Cardium fabricii Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus fabricii (Deshayes, 1855) (original combination)
Species Cardium fasciatum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium fasciatum Montagu, 1808 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (junior homonym of Cardium fasciatum Gmelin, 1791)
Species Cardium flexuosum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Cardium fragile Reeve, 1845 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium fragile Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775 accepted as Fulvia fragilis (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775) (original combination)
Species Cardium gaditanum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Glycymeris nummaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (dubious synonym)
Species Cardium glaucum Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (original combination)
Species Cardium glaucum Poiret, 1789 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (original combination)
Species Cardium groenlandicum Mohr, 1786 accepted as Serripes groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) (original combination)
Species Cardium hauniense Petersen & Russell, 1971 accepted as Parvicardium hauniense (Petersen & Russell, 1971) (original combination)
Species Cardium helleri Brusina, 1865 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Cardium hians Brocchi, 1814 † accepted as Cardium diluvianum Lamarck, 1819 † accepted as Procardium diluvianum (Lamarck, 1819) † (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium hians Spengler, 1799)
Species Cardium humanum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Glossus humanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Cardium hystrix Lightfoot, 1786 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Junior synonym)
Species Cardium indicum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Procardium indicum (Lamarck, 1819)
Species Cardium islandicum Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Ciliatocardium ciliatum ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) represented as Ciliatocardium ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
Species Cardium isthmicum Issel, 1869 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
Species Cardium lamarcki Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cardium lamarckii Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cerastoderma lamarcki (Reeve, 1845) accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789)
Species Cardium lamarckii Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cerastoderma lamarcki (Reeve, 1845) accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (original combination)
Species Cardium laticostatum Mayer-Eymar, 1898 accepted as Acanthocardia paucicostata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (junior homonym of Cardium laticostatum G. B. Sowerby I in Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1833)
Species Cardium loveni W. Thompson, 1845 accepted as Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836) (synonym)
Species Cardium mercatorium Coen, 1915 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Cardium minimum Philippi, 1836 accepted as Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836) (original combination)
Species Cardium mucronatum Poli, 1791 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Cardium nodosum Montagu, 1803 sensu W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844)
Species Cardium norvegicum Spengler, 1799 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium obliquatum Aradas, 1847 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium oblongum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Laevicardium oblongum (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
Species Cardium obsoletum Spengler, 1799 accepted as Laevicardium oblongum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium obtritum Locard, 1886 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium ovale G. B. Sowerby II, 1840 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (Synonym)
Species Cardium papillosum Poli, 1791 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791)
Species Cardium parasitum Costa O.G., 1839 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium parvum Philippi, 1844 accepted as Cardium exiguum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (Non Cardium parvum Da Costa, 1778; nec Mawe, 1823; nec G.B. Sowerby II, 1839)
Species Cardium paucicostatum G. B. Sowerby II, 1834 accepted as Acanthocardia paucicostata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (original combination)
Species Cardium pennanti Reeve, 1844 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium perrieri Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1897 accepted as Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836)
Species Cardium pinnulatum Conrad, 1831 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (original combination)
Species Cardium polii Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (unnecessary replacement name for Cardium papillosun Poli, 1791)
Species Cardium politum Risso, 1826 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (dubious synonym)
Species Cardium propexum Monterosato, 1891 accepted as Acanthocardia deshayesii (Payraudeau, 1826) (dubious synonym)
Species Cardium punctatum Brocchi, 1814 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium pygmaeum Donovan, 1800 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium richardi Audouin, 1826 accepted as Afrocardium richardi (Audouin, 1826) (original combination)
Species Cardium roseum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844) (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium roseum Gmelin, 1791)
Species Cardium rubrum Montagu, 1803 accepted as Lasaea rubra (Montagu, 1803)
Species Cardium rusticum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium scabrum Philippi, 1844 accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844) (original combination)
Species Cardium scobinatum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (dubious synonym)
Species Cardium siculum G. B. Sowerby II, 1834 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium simile Milaschewitsch, 1909 accepted as Parvicardium simile (Milaschewitsch, 1909) (original combination)
Species Cardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Cardium spinosum Lightfoot, 1786 accepted as Acanthocardia spinosa (Lightfoot, 1786) (original combination)
Species Cardium stellatum Reeve, 1845 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium striatum Spengler, 1799 accepted as Fulvia (Fulvia) australis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) represented as Fulvia australis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (synonym)
Species Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Cardium subangulatum Scacchi, 1833 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium sulcatum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Laevicardium oblongum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Cardium transversale Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Parvicardium vroomi van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984 (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium transversale Römer, 1849)
Species Cardium tuberculare Sowerby G.B. I, 1820 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium tuberculatum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Cardium turtoni G. B. Sowerby III, 1894 accepted as Papillicardium turtoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894)
Species Cardium umbonatum Wood S., 1850 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
Species Cardium vitellinum Reeve, 1844 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Cardium vulgare da Costa, 1778 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Cardium vulgatum Tryon, 1872 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
marine
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
MolluscaBase (2018). Cardium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2018) European Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137734 on 2018-09-18
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2018). European Register of Marine Species. Cardium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137734 on 2018-09-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2009-01-22 08:46:58Z
changed
2009-02-01 10:41:42Z
changed
2014-11-11 18:14:59Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Poorten, J.J. ter, 2005. Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). VISAYA net. (Updated 2009 for WoRMS), available online at http://www.conchology.be/en/shelltopics/visaya-net/date.php?year=2005 [details]   

additional source Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in RoR[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 



Cardium costatum
 Cardium costatum
[image from typetaxon]

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