MarBEF Data System



WoRMS taxon details

Phalium Link, 1807

137749  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137749)

accepted
Genus
Buccinum glaucum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Phalium glaucum (Linnaeus, 1758) (type by subsequent designation)
Bezoardica Schumacher, 1817 · unaccepted (junior objective synonym of...)  
junior objective synonym of Phalium

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  1. Species Phalium areola (Linnaeus, 1758)
  2. Species Phalium bandatum (Perry, 1811)
  3. Species Phalium decussatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  4. Species Phalium evdoxiae H. Morrison, 2016
  5. Species Phalium exaratum (Reeve, 1848)
  6. Species Phalium fimbria (Gmelin, 1791)
  7. Species Phalium flammiferum (Röding, 1798)
  8. Species Phalium glaucum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  9. Species Phalium menkrawitense Beets, 1941 †
  10. Species Phalium muangmani Raybaudi Massilia & Prati Musetti, 1995
  11. Species Phalium rembangensis (K. Martin, 1899) †
  12. Species Phalium yokoyamai Nomura & Hatei, 1933 †
  13. Subgenus Phalium (Casmaria) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Casmaria H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
    1. Species Phalium (Casmaria) decipiens Kilburn, 1980 accepted as Semicassis decipiens (Kilburn, 1980)
  14. Subgenus Phalium (Echinophoria) Sacco, 1890 accepted as Echinophoria Sacco, 1890
    1. Species Phalium (Echinophoria) hectori Abbott, 1968 † accepted as Echinophoria pollens (H. J. Finlay, 1926) † (superseded combination)
  15. Subgenus Phalium (Kahua) Marwick, 1928 † accepted as Semicassis (Kahua) Marwick, 1928 † represented as Semicassis Mörch, 1852 (superseded combination)
    1. Species Phalium (Kahua) skinneri Marwick, 1928 † accepted as Semicassis (Kahua) skinneri (Marwick, 1928) † represented as Semicassis skinneri (Marwick, 1928) † (superseded combination)
  16. Subgenus Phalium (Phalium) Link, 1807 accepted as Phalium Link, 1807
    1. Species Phalium (Phalium) strigatum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Phalium strigatum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Phalium flammiferum (Röding, 1798)
  17. Subgenus Phalium (Semicassis) Mörch, 1852 accepted as Semicassis Mörch, 1852
    1. Species Phalium (Semicassis) bisulcatum (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829) accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
    2. Species Phalium (Semicassis) louella Squires & Advocate, 1986 † accepted as Galeodea louella (Squires & Advocate), 1986 † (basionym)
    3. Species Phalium (Semicassis) pila (Reeve, 1848) accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
    4. Species Phalium (Semicassis) reklawensis Garvie, 1996 † accepted as Semicassis reklawensis (Garvie, 1996) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Species Phalium (Semicassis) undulatum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Semicassis undulata (Gmelin, 1791)
    6. Species Phalium (Semicassis) vector Abbott, 1993 accepted as Semicassis bondarevi Mühlhäusser & Parth, 1993 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  18. Subgenus Phalium (Tylocassis) Woodring, 1928 accepted as Semicassis Mörch, 1852
    1. Species Phalium (Tylocassis) sulcosum (Bruguière, 1792) accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
  19. Subgenus Phalium (Xenogalea) Iredale, 1927 accepted as Semicassis Mörch, 1852
    1. Species Phalium (Xenogalea) labiatum (G. Perry, 1811) accepted as Semicassis labiata (G. Perry, 1811) (superseded combination)
  20. Species Phalium adcocki (G. B. Sowerby III, 1896) accepted as Semicassis adcocki (G. B. Sowerby III, 1896) accepted as Antephalium adcocki (G. B. Sowerby III, 1896) (superseded combination)
  21. Species Phalium agnitum Iredale, 1927 accepted as Phalium areola (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  22. Species Phalium andersoni Abbott, 1968 accepted as Echinophoria hadra (Woodring & Olsson, 1957)
  23. Species Phalium bisulcatum (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829) accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
  24. Species Phalium breviculum C.-Y. Tsi & S.-T. Ma, 1980 accepted as Phalium flammiferum (Röding, 1798)
  25. Species Phalium centiquadratum (Valenciennes, 1832) accepted as Semicassis centiquadrata (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  26. Species Phalium cicatricosum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
  27. Species Phalium clathratum Link, 1807 accepted as Phalium areola (Linnaeus, 1758)
  28. Species Phalium coronadoi (Crosse, 1867) accepted as Echinophoria coronadoi (Crosse, 1867)
  29. Species Phalium craticulatum (Euthyme, 1885) accepted as Semicassis craticulata (Euthyme, 1885)
  30. Species Phalium decipiens Kilburn, 1980 accepted as Semicassis decipiens (Kilburn, 1980) (original combination)
  31. Species Phalium denisi Salmon, 1948 accepted as Semicassis angasi (Iredale, 1927)
  32. Species Phalium edentulum Link, 1807 accepted as Casmaria erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  33. Species Phalium erinaceum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Casmaria erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  34. Species Phalium extinctum Link, 1807 accepted as Phalium areola (Linnaeus, 1758)
  35. Species Phalium faurotis (Jousseaume, 1888) accepted as Semicassis faurotis (Jousseaume, 1888)
  36. Species Phalium fibratum P. Marshall & Murdoch, 1920 † accepted as Semicassis fibrata (P. Marshall & Murdoch, 1920) † (superseded combination)
  37. Species Phalium fimbriata accepted as Phalium fimbria (Gmelin, 1791) (misspelling)
  38. Species Phalium glabratum (Dunker, 1852) accepted as Semicassis glabrata (Dunker, 1852)
  39. Species Phalium grangei Marwick, 1926 † accepted as Echinophoria grangei (Marwick, 1926) † (superseded combination)
  40. Species Phalium granulatum (Born, 1778) accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  41. Species Phalium hectori Abbott, 1968 † accepted as Echinophoria pollens (H. J. Finlay, 1926) † (unnecessary replacement name)
  42. Species Phalium iheringi Carcelles, 1953 accepted as Semicassis zeylanica (Lamarck, 1822) (junior subjective synonym)
  43. Species Phalium inornatum (Pilsbry, 1895) accepted as Semicassis inornata (Pilsbry, 1895)
  44. Species Phalium kurodai Abbott, 1968 accepted as Echinophoria kurodai (Abbott, 1968) (original combination)
  45. Species Phalium labiatum (G. Perry, 1811) accepted as Semicassis labiata (G. Perry, 1811) (superseded combination)
  46. Species Phalium microstoma (E. von Martens, 1904) accepted as Semicassis microstoma (E. von Martens, 1904)
  47. Species Phalium pila (Reeve, 1848) accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
  48. Species Phalium ponderosa [sic] accepted as Phalium ponderosum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Casmaria ponderosa (Gmelin, 1791)
  49. Species Phalium ponderosum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Casmaria ponderosa (Gmelin, 1791)
  50. Species Phalium pseudobandatum S. K. Tan, H. E. Ng & Nguang, 2013 accepted as Phalium bandatum (Perry, 1811)
  51. Species Phalium pyrum (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Semicassis pyrum (Lamarck, 1822) (superseded combination)
  52. Species Phalium quadratum Link, 1807 accepted as Casmaria ponderosa (Gmelin, 1791)
  53. Species Phalium saburon (Bruguière, 1792) accepted as Semicassis saburon (Bruguière, 1792)
  54. Species Phalium semigranosum (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Antephalium semigranosum (Lamarck, 1822) (superseded combination)
  55. Species Phalium skinneri Marwick, 1928 † accepted as Semicassis skinneri (Marwick, 1928) † (superseded combination)
  56. Species Phalium stadiale (Hedley, 1914) accepted as Semicassis pyrum (Lamarck, 1822) (synonym)
  57. Species Phalium strigatum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Phalium flammiferum (Röding, 1798)
  58. Species Phalium sulcatum Link, 1807 accepted as Phalium areola (Linnaeus, 1758)
  59. Species Phalium torquatum (Reeve, 1848) accepted as Casmaria ponderosa (Gmelin, 1791)
  60. Species Phalium undulatum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Semicassis granulata undulata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Semicassis undulata (Gmelin, 1791)
  61. Species Phalium vibex (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Casmaria erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  62. Species Phalium whitworthi Abbott, 1968 accepted as Semicassis whitworthi (Abbott, 1968) (original combination)
  63. Species Phalium maculatum (Perry, 1811) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
neuter
Link, D. H. F. (1807-1808). Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. <em>Adlers Erben.</em> 1 Abt. [Part 1], pp. 1-50; 2 Abt. [Part 2], pp. 51-100; 3 Abt. [Part 3], pp. 101-165; Abt. 4 [Part 4],pp. 1-30; Abt. 5 [Part 5], pp. 1-38 [1808]; Abt. 6 [Part 6], pp. 1-38., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43301237
page(s): 112 [details]   
Taxonomy Abbott (1968) held a very comprehensive concept of the genus Phalium, to include all the species of the subfamily Phaliinae...  
Taxonomy Abbott (1968) held a very comprehensive concept of the genus Phalium, to include all the species of the subfamily Phaliinae except those included in Casmaria H.& A. Adams, 1853. Current authors (Alf, 1997; Beu, 2008) would include in Phalium only those species which have varixes all along the spire and have spines around the outer edge of the terminal varix as in Casmaria. Species with predominantly spiral sculpture and with only a terminal varix without spines are currently classified in Semicassis Mörch, 1852 but often cited under Phalium
 [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Phalium Link, 1807. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137749 on 2024-05-29
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-03-20 08:13:00Z
changed
2009-04-24 18:07:06Z
changed
2013-09-08 02:08:38Z
changed
2018-10-07 05:36:16Z
changed
2019-08-15 01:55:56Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Link, D. H. F. (1807-1808). Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. <em>Adlers Erben.</em> 1 Abt. [Part 1], pp. 1-50; 2 Abt. [Part 2], pp. 51-100; 3 Abt. [Part 3], pp. 101-165; Abt. 4 [Part 4],pp. 1-30; Abt. 5 [Part 5], pp. 1-38 [1808]; Abt. 6 [Part 6], pp. 1-38., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43301237
page(s): 112 [details]   

original description  (of Bezoardica Schumacher, 1817) Schumacher, C. F. (1817). Essai d'un nouveau système des habitations des vers testacés. <em>Schultz, Copenghagen.</em> iv + 288 pp., 22 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81329 [details]   

original description  (of Bezoardicella Habe, 1961) Habe, T. (1961). <i>Coloured illustrations of the shells of Japan</i> (II). Hoikusha, Osaka. xii + 183 + 42 pp., 66 pls. xii + 183 + 42 pp., 66 pl.
page(s): 43. [details]   

basis of record Abbott, R. T. (1968). The helmet shells of the world (Cassidae), Part 1. <em>Indo-Pacific Mollusca.</em> 2 (9): 7-201., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49823850 [details]   

additional source Beu, A. G. (2008). Recent deep-water Cassidae of the world. A revision of Galeodea, Oocorys, Sconsia, Echinophoria and related taxa, with new genera and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda). <em>in: Héros, V. et al. (Ed.) Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos 25. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (1993).</em> 196: 269-387. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Kreipl K. 1997. Recent Cassidae. Christa Hemmen, Wiesbaden, 151 p.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Abbott (1968) held a very comprehensive concept of the genus Phalium, to include all the species of the subfamily Phaliinae except those included in Casmaria H.& A. Adams, 1853. Current authors (Alf, 1997; Beu, 2008) would include in Phalium only those species which have varixes all along the spire and have spines around the outer edge of the terminal varix as in Casmaria. Species with predominantly spiral sculpture and with only a terminal varix without spines are currently classified in Semicassis Mörch, 1852 but often cited under Phalium
 [details]
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