MarBEF Data System



ERMS taxon details

Chiton Linnaeus, 1758

137779  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137779)

accepted
Genus
Chiton (Chiton) Linnaeus, 1758· accepted, alternate representation
Tegulaplax Iredale & Hull, 1926 (original combination)
Species Chiton canariensis d'Orbigny, 1840
Species Chiton cumingsii Frembly, 1827
Species Chiton hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903)
Species Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797
Species Chiton phaseolinus Monterosato, 1879

Subgenus Chiton (Chiton) Linnaeus, 1758 represented as Chiton Linnaeus, 1758

Subgenus Chiton (Acanthopleura) Guilding, 1829 accepted as Acanthopleura Guilding, 1829
Subgenus Chiton (Rhyssoplax) Thiele, 1893 accepted as Rhyssoplax Thiele, 1893
Subgenus Chiton (Tegulaplax) Iredale & Hull, 1926 accepted as Chiton Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Species Chiton abyssorum G. O. Sars, 1878 accepted as Hanleya hanleyi (Bean, 1844)
Species Chiton achatinus Brown, 1827 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (synonym)
Species Chiton albus Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
Species Chiton algesirensis Capellini, 1859 accepted as Leptochiton algesirensis (Capellini, 1859) (original combination)
Species Chiton alveolus M. Sars MS, Lovén, 1846 accepted as Leptochiton alveolus (M. Sars MS, Lovén, 1846) (original combination)
Species Chiton angulatus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (original combination)
Species Chiton aselloides R. T. Lowe, 1825 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Chiton asellus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
Species Chiton atratus G. B. Sowerby II, 1839 accepted as Tonicia atrata (G.B. Sowerby II, 1840) (original combination)
Species Chiton cajetanus Poli, 1791 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (original combination)
Species Chiton cancellatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1840 accepted as Leptochiton cancellatus (Sowerby, 1840) (original combination)
Species Chiton caprearum Scacchi, 1836 accepted as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (original combination)
Species Chiton cimex Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton cimicinus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton cimicoides di Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Leptochiton cimicoides (Monterosato, 1879) (original combination)
Species Chiton cinereus Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Montagu, 1803 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (misidentification)
Species Chiton cinereus Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Poli, 1791 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (misidentification)
Species Chiton cinereus Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
Species Chiton concentricus Sowerby G.B. II, 1841 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallinus (Risso, 1826)
Species Chiton coronatus Locard, 1898 accepted as Placiphorella atlantica (Verrill & S. I. Smith in Verrill, 1882)
Species Chiton corrugatus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (synonym)
Species Chiton crinitus Pennant, 1777 accepted as Acanthochitona crinita crinita (Pennant, 1777) accepted as Acanthochitona crinita (Pennant, 1777) (original combination)
Species Chiton decipiens Tiberi, 1877 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (synonym)
Species Chiton decoratus Reuss, 1860 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Chiton discrepans Brown, 1827 accepted as Acanthochitona discrepans (Brown, 1827) (original combination)
Species Chiton doriae Capellini, 1859 accepted as Callochiton doriae (Capellini, 1859) (original combination)
Species Chiton echinotus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Acanthochitona fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton estuarii Brusina, 1870 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 represented as Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 (synonym)
Species Chiton euplaeae O. G. Costa, 1830 accepted as Callochiton doriae (Capellini, 1859) (nomen dubium)
Species Chiton fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Acanthochitona fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
Species Chiton ferrugineus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
Species Chiton flemingius Leach, 1852 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
Species Chiton foliatus Allan, 1818 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Chiton freelandi Forbes, 1844 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallinus (Risso, 1826) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton fulminatus Couthouy, 1838 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
Species Chiton fulvus Wood W., 1815 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
Species Chiton furtivus di Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) furtiva (Monterosato, 1879) represented as Lepidochitona furtiva (Monterosato, 1879) (original combination)
Species Chiton fuscatus Leach, 1852 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Chiton fuscatus Brown, 1827 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton gracilis Jeffreys, 1859 accepted as Acanthochitona discrepans (Brown, 1827) (synonym)
Species Chiton hanleyi Bean, 1844 accepted as Hanleya hanleyi (Bean, 1844) (original combination)
Species Chiton howensis Hedley & Hull, 1912 accepted as Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) represented as Chiton hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) (synonym)
Species Chiton imbricatus Nierstrasz, 1905 accepted as Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) represented as Chiton hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) (synonym)
Species Chiton incarnatus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Chiton islandicus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Leptochiton sarsi Kaas, 1981 (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton laevigatus J. Fleming, 1813 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
Species Chiton laevis Pennant, 1777 sensu Montagu, 1803 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (original combination)
Species Chiton latus R. T. Lowe, 1825 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
Species Chiton latus Leach, 1852 accepted as Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Chiton lividus Middendorff, 1847 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
Species Chiton lusitanicus Tilesius, 1802 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
Species Chiton marginatus Pennant, 1777 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Chiton marmoreus Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (original combination)
Species Chiton mediterraneus Reeve, 1847 accepted as Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) represented as Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) (synonym)
Species Chiton meneghinii Capellini, 1859 accepted as Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) represented as Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) (synonym)
Species Chiton minimus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Chiton minimus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton nagelfar Lovén, 1846 accepted as Hanleya hanleyi (Bean, 1844)
Species Chiton onyx Spengler, 1797 accepted as Acanthochitona crinita (Pennant, 1777) (synonym)
Species Chiton oryza Spengler, 1797 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton pachylasmae Seguenza MS, di Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Callistochiton pachylasmae (Monterosato, 1879) (original combination)
Species Chiton philippii Issel, 1870 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallinus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
Species Chiton pictus Bean in Thorpe, 1844 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
Species Chiton platei Thiele, 1909 accepted as Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) represented as Chiton hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) (synonym (fide Leloup 1952))
Species Chiton polii Philippi, 1836 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (preoccupied by Chiton polii Deshayes, 1833)
Species Chiton polii Deshayes, 1835 accepted as Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 (synonym)
Species Chiton pulchellus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallinus (Risso, 1826) (invalid: junior homonym of Chiton pulchellus Gray, 1828)
Species Chiton quinquivalvis Brown, 1823 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Chiton rarinota Jeffreys, 1883 accepted as Leptochiton rarinota (Jeffreys, 1883) (original combination)
Species Chiton reussi Prochazka, 1895 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Chiton rissoi Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) represented as Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) (original combination)
Species Chiton rubellus Pilsbry, 1893 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallinus (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
Species Chiton rubellus Nardo, 1847 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 represented as Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton ruber Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
Species Chiton rubicundus O. G. Costa, 1830 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallinus (Risso, 1826)
Species Chiton sagrinatus Couthouy, 1838 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Chiton scabridus Jeffreys, 1880 accepted as Leptochiton scabridus (Jeffreys, 1880) (original combination)
Species Chiton scoticus Leach, 1852 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Chiton scytodesma Scacchi, 1836 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (dubious synonym)
Species Chiton septemvalvis Montagu, 1803 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (original combination)
Species Chiton siculus Gray J.E., 1828 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 represented as Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 (synonym)
Species Chiton squammulosus Dollfus, 1883 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 represented as Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 (synonym)
Species Chiton striatus Brusina, 1870 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 represented as Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 (synonym)
Species Chiton subcajetanus d'Orbigny, 1852 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
Species Chiton submarmoreus Middendorff, 1847 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
Species Chiton tehuelchus d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
Species Chiton tuberculatus Leach, 1852 accepted as Leptochiton cancellatus (Sowerby, 1840) (synonym)
Species Chiton variegatus Philippi, 1836 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (invalid: junior homonym of Chiton variegatus Röding, 1798)
Species Chiton variegatus Leach, 1852 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
MolluscaBase (2018). Chiton Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2018) European Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137779 on 2018-10-22
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2018). European Register of Marine Species. Chiton Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137779 on 2018-10-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-07 06:51:43Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2009-03-20 07:57:47Z
changed
2016-02-28 18:40:21Z
changed
2018-07-27 03:41:17Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213. (look up in RoR[details]   

additional source Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 



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