MarBEF Data System



ERMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAculifera

18824  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:18824)

Hatschek, 1891
alternate representation (presumably paraphyletic taxon)
Subphylum

Class Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAplacophora (presumably paraphyletic taxon)
marine
Blumrich J. (1891). Das Integument der Chitonen. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 52, 404– 476 , plates 23–30 [foreword by B. Hatscheck]. [details]   
Gofas, S. (2009). Aculifera. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2017). European Register of Marine Species at http://marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=18824 on 2017-12-11

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-03-02 19:12:09Z
changed
2009-03-11 21:04:06Z
changed

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original description Blumrich J. (1891). Das Integument der Chitonen. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 52, 404– 476 , plates 23–30 [foreword by B. Hatscheck]. [details]   

basis of record Stasek C., 1972. The molluscan framework. In: Florkin, M., Scheer, B.T. (Eds.), Chemical Zoology, vol. 7, pp. 1–44. [details]   

additional source An outline for the classification of Phylum Mollusca in taxonomic databases [report elaborated by WoRMS editors for internal use, june 2010] [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Glaubrecht, G., Maitas, L. & Salvini-Plawen L.v. (2005) Aplacophoran Mollusca in the Natural History Museum Berlin. An annotated catalogue of Thiele's type specimens, with a brief review of "Aplacophora". Mitteilungen aus der Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin – Zoologische Reihe 81, 145-166., available online at http://download.naturkundemuseum-berlin.de/matthias.glaubrecht/Glaubrecht%20et%20al%202005.pdf [details]   

additional source Scheltema, Amélie H. 1993. Aplacophora as progenetic aculiferans and the coelomate origin of mollusks as the sister taxon of Sipuncula. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole 184(1): 57-78., available online at http://www.biolbull.org/cgi/reprint/184/1/57.pdf  [details]   

additional source Steiner G. & Dreyer, H. 2003- Molecular phylogeny of Scaphopoda (Mollusca) inferred from 18S rDNA sequences: support for a Scaphopoda-Cephalopoda clade. Zoologica Scripta 32: 343-356. [details]   

additional source Runnegar B. & Pojeta, J. 1974 Molluscan phylogeny: the paleontological viewpoint. Science 186 (4161): pp.311-317 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Aculifera is a group, with rank of subphylum, including the Aplacophora (Caudofoveata and Solenogastres) and Polyplacophora (chitons), all other molluscs being included in subphylum Conchifera (shell-bearers)(Hatscheck in Blumrich, 1891; Scheltema, 1993) or alternately including only the Aplacophora, aside with the subphyla Placophora and Conchifera (Stasek, 1972).

The data at hand (see Haszprunar 2000: American Malacological Bulletin 15, 115-130, and Glaubrecht, Maitas & Salvini-Plawen, 2005: Mitteilungen aus der Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin – Zoologische Reihe 81, 145-166) would support a phylogenetic relationship like (Solenogastres(Caudofoveata(Polyplacophora(Conchifera)))) making Aplacophora (and therefore Aculifera) paraphyletic.
Because groupings of molluscan classes into clades is highly controversial (for a review of competing hypothesis see Steiner & Dreyer (2003) Molecular phylogeny of Scaphopoda (Mollusca) inferred from 18S rDNA sequences: support for a Scaphopoda–Cephalopoda clade. — Zoologica Scripta, 32, 343–356), classes will be treated herein as an unresolved polytomy within Phylum Mollusca. [details]
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