MarBEF Data System

ERMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlacozoa

22737  (

Schierwater, B. (2009). Placozoa. In: Schierwater, B.; Eitel, M.; DeSalle, R. (2017). World Placozoa Database. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2017). European Register of Marine Species at on 2017-12-12

2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2007-01-10 09:56:49Z
2009-07-01 13:17:44Z

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basis of record Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. (look up in RoR[details]   

additional source Ender, A., Schierwater B., 2003. Placozoa are not derived Cnidarians: Evidence from molecular morphology. Mol. Biol. Evol. 20 1: 130-134. [details]   

additional source Voigt, O., Collins A.G., Pearse V.B., Pearse J.S., Ender A., Hadrys H., Schierwater B., 2004. Placozoa - no longer a phylum of one. Current Biology 14 22: R944-R945. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Grell, K.G., Ruthmann, A. (1991) Placozoa. In: Harrison FW, Westfall, J.A., editor. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, and Ctenophora. New York: Wiley-Liss. pp. 13-28 [details]   

additional source Schierwater, B.; De Jong, D.; DeSalle, R. (2009). Placozoa and the evolution of Metazoa and intrasomatic cell differentiation. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology. 41(2): 370-379., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
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