MarBEF Data System



ERMS taxon details

Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809

229  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:229)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Cardiinae Lamarck, 1809
  » Genus Bucardium J.E. Gray, 1853
  » Genus Cardium Linnaeus, 1758
    » Species Cardium ciliare Linnaeus, 1758 (nomen dubium)
    » Subgenus Cardium (Acanthocardium) Römer, 1868 accepted as Acanthocardia J.E. Gray, 1851
    » Species Cardium aculeatum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia aculeata (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium aquilinum Mittre, 1842 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium arcuatum Montagu, 1803 accepted as Lucinella divaricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium australe G.B. Sowerby II, 1834 accepted as Fulvia australis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium belgicum De Malzine, 1867 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium belticum Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium boreale Reeve, 1845 accepted as Serripes groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium boreale Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829)
    » Species Cardium bullatum Locard, 1891 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Junior homonym of Cardium bullatum Lamarck, 1819)
    » Species Cardium ciliatum Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Ciliatocardium ciliatum ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium clodiense Brocchi, 1814 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium corallinum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Cardium crassum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium crenulatum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium darwini Mayer, 1866 accepted as Cardium indicum Lamarck, 1819 (unnecessary replacement name)
    » Species Cardium deshayesii Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Acanthocardia deshayesii (Payraudeau, 1826) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium diluvianum Lamarck, 1819 † accepted as Procardium diluvianum (Lamarck, 1819) †
    » Species Cardium duregnei Monterosato, 1891 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Species Cardium echinatum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium edentula Montagu, 1808 accepted as Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium edule Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. altior Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. batesoni Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. loppensi Mars, 1951 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. maculata Dautzenberg, 1890 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. major Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. mareotica Pallary, 1912 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. nuciformis Milaschewitsch, 1916 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. paludosa Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. quadrata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. regularis Pallary, 1900 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium edule var. sibenicensis Brusina, 1870 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium eichwaldi Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium elegantulum Møller, 1842 accepted as Goethemia elegantula (Møller, 1842) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium elongatum Montagu, 1803 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (junior homonym of Cardium elongatum Bruguière, 1789)
    » Species Cardium erinaceus Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Acanthocardia spinosa (Lightfoot, 1786) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium exiguum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
      » Variety Cardium exiguum var. albina Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium exiguum var. commutata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium exiguum var. flavida Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium exiguum var. scripta Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Parvicardium scriptum (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892) (original combination)
      » Variety Cardium exiguum var. subquadrata Jeffreys, 1864 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium subquadratum Evans & Shumard, 1857)
    » Species Cardium fabricii Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus fabricii (Deshayes, 1855) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium fasciatum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium fasciatum Montagu, 1808 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (junior homonym of Cardium fasciatum Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Cardium flexuosum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Species Cardium fragile Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775 accepted as Fulvia fragilis (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium fragile Reeve, 1845 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium gaditanum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Glycymeris nummaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (dubious synonym)
    » Species Cardium glaucum Poiret, 1789 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium glaucum Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium groenlandicum Mohr, 1786 accepted as Serripes groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium hauniense Petersen & Russell, 1971 accepted as Parvicardium hauniense (Petersen & Russell, 1971) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium helleri Brusina, 1865 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Cardium hians Brocchi, 1814 † accepted as Cardium diluvianum Lamarck, 1819 † (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium hians Spengler, 1799)
    » Species Cardium humanum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Glossus humanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Cardium hystrix Lightfoot, 1786 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Junior synonym)
    » Species Cardium indicum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Procardium indicum (Lamarck, 1819)
    » Species Cardium islandicum Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Ciliatocardium ciliatum ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium isthmicum Issel, 1869 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium lamarcki Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cardium lamarckii Reeve, 1845
    » Species Cardium lamarckii Reeve, 1845 accepted as Cerastoderma lamarcki (Reeve, 1845) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium laticostatum Mayer-Eymar, 1898 accepted as Acanthocardia paucicostata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (junior homonym of Cardium laticostatum G. B. Sowerby I in Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1833)
    » Species Cardium loveni W. Thompson, 1845 accepted as Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium mercatorium Coen, 1915 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Cardium minimum Philippi, 1836 accepted as Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium mucronatum Poli, 1791 accepted as Acanthocardia echinata (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
    » Species Cardium nodosum Montagu, 1803 sensu W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844)
    » Species Cardium norvegicum Spengler, 1799 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. devians Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. gibba Jeffreys, 1864 accepted as Laevicardium oblongum gibba (Jeffreys, 1864)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. lineolata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. marmorata Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. mediterranea Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. pallida Jeffreys, 1864 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. ponderosa Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. rotunda Jeffreys, 1864 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791)
      » Variety Cardium norvegicum var. senegalensis Dautzenberg, 1891 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium obliquatum Aradas, 1847 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium oblongum Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Laevicardium oblongum (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium obsoletum Spengler, 1799 accepted as Laevicardium oblongum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium obtritum Locard, 1886 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium ovale G. B. Sowerby II, 1840 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (Synonym)
    » Species Cardium papillosum Poli, 1791 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791)
    » Species Cardium parasitum Costa O.G., 1839 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium parvum Philippi, 1844 accepted as Cardium exiguum Gmelin, 1791 (Non Cardium parvum Da Costa, 1778; nec Mawe, 1823; nec G.B. Sowerby II, 1839)
    » Species Cardium paucicostatum G. B. Sowerby II, 1834 accepted as Acanthocardia paucicostata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium pennanti Reeve, 1844 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium perrieri Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1897 accepted as Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836)
    » Species Cardium pinnulatum Conrad, 1831 accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium polii Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (unnecessary replacement name for Cardium papillosun Poli, 1791)
    » Species Cardium politum Risso, 1826 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (dubious synonym)
    » Species Cardium propexum Monterosato, 1891 accepted as Acanthocardia deshayesii (Payraudeau, 1826) (dubious synonym)
    » Species Cardium punctatum Brocchi, 1814 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium pygmaeum Donovan, 1800 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium richardi Audouin, 1826 accepted as Afrocardium richardi (Audouin, 1826) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium roseum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844) (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium roseum Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Cardium rubrum Montagu, 1803 accepted as Lasaea rubra (Montagu, 1803)
    » Species Cardium rusticum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium scabrum Philippi, 1844 accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium scobinatum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Papillicardium papillosum (Poli, 1791) (dubious synonym)
    » Species Cardium siculum G. B. Sowerby II, 1834 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium simile Milaschewitsch, 1909 accepted as Parvicardium simile (Milaschewitsch, 1909) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium spinosum Lightfoot, 1786 accepted as Acanthocardia spinosa (Lightfoot, 1786) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium stellatum Reeve, 1845 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium striatum Spengler, 1799 accepted as Fulvia (Fulvia) australis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium subangulatum Scacchi, 1833 accepted as Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium sulcatum Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Laevicardium oblongum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium transversale Deshayes, 1855 accepted as Parvicardium vroomi van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984 (invalid: junior homonym of Cardium transversale Römer, 1849)
    » Species Cardium tuberculare Sowerby G.B. I, 1820 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium tuberculatum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
    » Species Cardium turtoni G. B. Sowerby III, 1894 accepted as Papillicardium turtoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894)
    » Species Cardium umbonatum Wood S., 1850 accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium vitellinum Reeve, 1844 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Cardium vulgare da Costa, 1778 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cardium vulgatum Tryon, 1872 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Genus Fulvia J. E. Gray, 1853
  » Genus Procardium ter Poorten & La Perna, 2017
  » Genus Cochlea Martyn, 1786 accepted as Vasticardium Iredale, 1927 (Unavailable: published in a work placed by ICZN on Official Index)
Subfamily Clinocardiinae Kafanov, 1975
  » Genus Ciliatocardium Kafanov, 1974
  » Genus Clinocardium Keen, 1936
  » Genus Serripes Gould, 1841
  » Genus Aphrodite Lea, 1834 accepted as Serripes Gould, 1841
    » Species Aphrodite columba Lea, 1834 accepted as Serripes groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) (synonym)
Subfamily Fraginae Stewart, 1930
Subfamily Laevicardiinae Keen, 1951
  » Genus Laevicardium Swainson, 1840
    » Species Laevicardium castaneum Vidal, 2005
    » Species Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Laevicardium oblongum (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Laevicardium pristis (Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827)
    » Species Laevicardium angmagsalikense Voskuil & Onverwagt, 1992 accepted as Laevicardium pristis (Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827)
    » Species Laevicardium europeum Swainson, 1840 accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
    » Species Laevicardium norvegicum (Spengler, 1799) accepted as Laevicardium crassum (Gmelin, 1791) (junior synonym)
Subfamily Lymnocardiinae Stoliczka, 1870
  » Genus Acanthocardia J.E. Gray, 1851
  » Genus Adacna Eichwald, 1838
  » Genus Cerastoderma Poli, 1795
    » Species Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758)
    » Species Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789)
    » Species Cerastoderma elegantulum (Møller, 1842) accepted as Goethemia elegantula (Møller, 1842)
    » Species Cerastoderma exiguum accepted as Cardium exiguum Gmelin, 1791
    » Species Cerastoderma glaucum (Poiret, 1789) accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (Bruguière and Poiret both described the same species, using the same name, the same year / see Cardium glaucum)
    » Species Cerastoderma lamarcki (Reeve, 1845) accepted as Cerastoderma glaucum (Bruguière, 1789) (junior synonym)
    » Species Cerastoderma nunninkae Lucas, 1984 accepted as Cerastoderma edule (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    » Species Cerastoderma scabrum (Philippi, 1844) accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844) (currently placed in genus Parvicardium)
  » Genus Didacna Eichwald, 1838
    » Species Didacna baeri (Grimm, 1877)
    » Species Didacna parallela Bogachev, 1932
    » Species Didacna trigonoides (Pallas, 1771)
  » Genus Monodacna Eichwald, 1838
  » Genus Papillicardium Sacco, 1899
  » Genus Parvicardium Monterosato, 1884
    » Species Parvicardium carrozzai van Aartsen & Goud, 2001
    » Species Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Parvicardium hauniense (Petersen & Russell, 1971)
    » Species Parvicardium minimum (Philippi, 1836)
    » Species Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831)
    » Species Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844)
    » Species Parvicardium scriptum (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892)
    » Species Parvicardium simile (Milaschewitsch, 1909)
    » Species Parvicardium trapezium Cecalupo & Quadri, 1996
    » Species Parvicardium vroomi van Aartsen, Menkhorst & Gittenberger, 1984
    » Species Parvicardium elegantulum (Møller, 1842) accepted as Goethemia elegantula (Møller, 1842)
    » Species Parvicardium nodosum W. Turton, 1822 non Montagu, 1803 accepted as Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844) (synonym)
    » Species Parvicardium ovale (G. B. Sowerby II, 1840) accepted as Parvicardium pinnulatum (Conrad, 1831)
    » Species Parvicardium ovale (G.B. Sowerby II, 1840) sensu Spada & Della Bella, 1990 accepted as Parvicardium scriptum (Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1892)
Subfamily Orthocardiinae Schneider, 2002
Subfamily Trachycardiinae Stewart, 1930

Subfamily [unassigned] Cardiidae (temporary name)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Not documented
MolluscaBase (2018). Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2018) European Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=229 on 2018-07-20
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2018). European Register of Marine Species. Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809. Accessed at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=229 on 2018-07-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-01-22 20:27:55Z
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2014-08-26 17:05:17Z
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taxonomy source Herrera, N.D.; Ter Poorten, J.J.; Bieler, R.; Mikkelsen, P.M.; Strong, E.E.; Jablonski, D.; Steppan, S.J. (2015). Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography amid shifting continents in the cockles and giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 93: 94-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.07.013 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. Malacologia 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   

status source Poorten, J.J. ter, 2005. Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). VISAYA net. (Updated 2009 for WoRMS), available online at http://www.conchology.be/en/shelltopics/visaya-net/date.php?year=2005 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 



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Dutch kokkelshartschelpen  [details]
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