Site details

RESTINGA, GRACIOSA ISLAND, AZORES
(lookup in gazetteer)
Flag of Portugal
Portugal
Conservation
status
5 stars - Fully protected as a national park or Natura 2000 site by national legislation
Normal Focal Site



Map type: Google Maps  SVG (dynamic)  Image (static)

One of the Restinga islets. Photo: RS Santos (ImagDOP)

Synoptic description of site:

Large irregular lava flow field connecting one large islet to the neighbouring rocky coasts and supporting important submarine habitats, located within a 5 Km wide stretch of coast between Ponta dos Fenais and Carapacho.

Extensive description of site:

The site consists of a large irregular lava flow field connecting one large islet to the neighbouring rocky coasts and supporting important underwater habitats. It occupies a 5 km long stretch of coast between Ponta dos Fenais and Carapacho, including Poça bay. It comprises very diverse intertidal and sublittoral rocky habitats along a large stretch of shallow coast, including several islets and small reefs, highly irregular volcanic bedrock and sheltered bays.

Habitats present:
 MudSandRock
Littoral  X
Sublittoral XX
Seagrass beds 

Description of fauna and flora:

In the sheltered bays it is occasionally possible to observe turtles, Caretta caretta. It is an important area for the reproduction of marine birds, such as Sterna hirundo.

Human impact:

The area used by artisanal fishermen and by limpet collectors.

Facilities:

Research can be conducted on fieldtrips, taking advantage of local facilities (harbour, nautical and diving clubs, fish auction warehouses, etc.). The University facilities at Faial Island are located 40 km away, and can be accessed by ship. The island is served by regular flights from other islands in the archipelago.

Available database and website:

Islets of Carapacho: http://www.horta.uac.pt/scubazores/Graciosa/Carapacho.htm, and Poça Bay: http://www.horta.uac.pt/scubazores/Graciosa/BaiaPoca.htm

Links:

Commitment and ongoing research:

There is a written commitment from individual scientists to a planned series of activities. Several papers and reports dealing with algae, benthic invertebrates, fish and seabirds have been published or are in preparation, resulting from different expeditions since the late 70s. Other papers deal with exploitation and conservation aspects.

Involvements:
Additional Information:

Santos et al., 1995. Aquat. Conserv. Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst., 5: 311-354.; Morton et al., 1998; and references therein); http://www.horta.uac.pt/Species General bibliography: Santos et al., 1995. Aquat. Conserv. Fresh. Mar. Ecos. 5: 311-354.