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Colonization patterns of Nematoda on decomposing algae in the estuarine environment: community assembly and genetic structure of the dominant species Pellioditis marina
Derycke, S.; Van Vynckt, R.; Vanoverbeke, J.; Vincx, M.; Moens, T. (2007). Colonization patterns of Nematoda on decomposing algae in the estuarine environment: community assembly and genetic structure of the dominant species Pellioditis marina. Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(3): 992-1001
In: Limnology and Oceanography. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography: Waco, Tex., etc. ISSN 0024-3590; e-ISSN 1939-5590
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Derycke, S.; Van Vynckt, R.; Vanoverbeke, J.; Vincx, M.; Moens, T. (2007). Colonization patterns of Nematoda on decomposing algae in the estuarine environment: community assembly and genetic structure of the dominant species Pellioditis marina, in: Derycke, S. Patronen en processen in de genetische structuur van twee mariene nemarodentaxa Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): een moleculaire, morfologische en experimentele benadering = Patterns and processes in the genetic structure of two marine nematode taxa (Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): a molecular, morphology and experimental approach. pp. 137-155, more

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 122560 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Brackishwater environment; Colonization; Community composition; Population genetics; Nematoda [WoRMS]; Pellioditis marina (Bastian, 1865) [WoRMS]; ANE, Netherlands, Westerschelde [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Derycke, S., more
  • Van Vynckt, R.
  • Vanoverbeke, J.

Abstract
    We performed a field experiment in the Westerschelde Estuary (The Netherlands) to characterize the colonization dynamics of nematodes in relation to the proximity of a source population and to local environmental conditions. The effects of colonization on the population genetic structure of the dominant species, Pellioditis marina, were simultaneously investigated. Two contrasting sites, each containing four patches with defaunated algae, were sampled seven times during 1 month. Site A was situated amidst Fucus stands, which permanently harbor P. marina, while site B was approximately 100 m from any source population and experienced more stressful environmental conditions. We hypothesized that (1) colonization in site A would proceed faster than in site B and that (2) founder events and genetic bottlenecks would affect population genetic structure and differentiation at site B more than at site A. We screened 992 individuals for variation in 426 base pairs of the cytochrome oxidase c subunit 1 gene with the single-strand conformation polymorphism method. The algal deposits at site A were indeed more rapidly colonized and reached fivefold higher densities of nematodes than those in site B. Haplotype composition in site A was very similar to that of the source population, while rare haplotypes were abundant and genetic diversity was lower in site B. We conclude that founder effects and genetic bottlenecks structured the populations in site B. The genetic differences between patches in each site further indicate that effective migration in P. marina is low and that priority effects influence the genetic structure of P. marina populations.

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