MarBEF Data System

WoRMS name details

Sagartia troglodytes (Price in Johnston, 1847)

100994  (

 unaccepted (Actinia viduata Müller,1776 type species of Sagartia)


  • Alphabetically
  • By status

Children Display

  1. Variety Sagartia troglodytes var. ornata (Holdsworth) accepted as Sagartia ornata (Holdsworth, 1855) accepted as Cylista ornata (Holdsworth, 1855)
  2. Subspecies Sagartia troglodytes aurora (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  3. Subspecies Sagartia troglodytes decorata (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  4. Subspecies Sagartia troglodytes lilacina (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  5. Subspecies Sagartia troglodytes scolopacina (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, terrestrial
(of Actinia troglodytes Price in Johnston, 1847) Johnston, G. (1847). A history of British zoophytes. Van Voorst, Second edition, London. pp. vol. 1, pp. i-xvi, 1-488, vol. 2, plates 1-74. <em>Van Voorst, London.</em> 1: 1-499, figs 1-87; vol. 2: pls 1-74., available online at
page(s): 216 [details]   
Rodríguez, E.; Fautin, D; Daly, M. (2024). World List of Actiniaria. Sagartia troglodytes (Price in Johnston, 1847). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-05-29
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2015-10-13 10:34:41Z
2020-12-16 14:33:38Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description  (of Actinia troglodytes Price in Johnston, 1847) Johnston, G. (1847). A history of British zoophytes. Van Voorst, Second edition, London. pp. vol. 1, pp. i-xvi, 1-488, vol. 2, plates 1-74. <em>Van Voorst, London.</em> 1: 1-499, figs 1-87; vol. 2: pls 1-74., available online at
page(s): 216 [details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Marine Biology Section, Ugent. Belgium. INRAM. Benthic fauna monitoring- SSD - Belgian Science Policy., available online at [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; den Hartog, J.H. (2001). Actiniaria, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 106-109 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosse, P. H. (1855). A manual of marine zoology for the British Isles. Part I. <em>John Van Voorst. London.</em> 203 pp. 355 figs.
page(s): 28, 202 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at [details]   

additional source Moore, H. B. (1937). Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. <em>Proceedings and Transactions of the Liverpool Biological Society.</em> 50: 1-293, maps 1-3. (Crustacea: 87-142).
page(s): 56 [details]   

additional source Hamond, R. & B.G. Williams, 1977. The Ctenophora, Scyphozoa and Anthozoa of Norfolk, with additional notes on the Hydrozoa. Trans. Norfolk Norwich Nat. Soc. 24 : 58-74..
page(s): 64 [details]   

additional source Robins, M.W., 1969. The marine flora and fauna of the Isles of Scilly. Cnidaria e Ctenophora. J. nat. Hist. 3 : 329-343.
page(s): 341 [details]   

additional source Teissier, G., 1950. Inventaire de la faune marine de Roscoff. Cnidaires et cténaires. Trav. biol. Roscoff. n. ser. suppl. 1: 1-43.
page(s): 37-38 [details]   

additional source Weill, R., 1934. Contribution à l'étude des Cnidaires et de leurs nématocystes. II. Valeur taxonomique du cnidôme. Trav. Stn zool. Wimereux 11 : 349-701.
page(s): 576, 592 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H., 1969. Die nesselkapseln der aktinien und ihre differentialdiagnostische bedeutung. The nematocysts of the sea anemones and their importance for differential-diagnosis. Helgoländer wiss. Meeresunters. 19 : 284-317.
page(s): 290, 306, 308 [details]   

additional source Hartlaub C. (1894). Die Coelenteraten Helgolands. Vorläufiger Bericht. <em>Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen n. ser.</em> 1(1): 161-206., available online at
page(s): 202 [details]   

additional source Leslie, G. & W.A. Herdman, 1881. The invertebrate fauna of the Firth of Forth : 1-106.
page(s): 61 [details]   

additional source Laverack, M.S. & M. Blackler (eds.). (1974). Fauna and flora of St. Andrews Bay. <em>Edinburgh & London, Scottish Academic Press.</em> 310 pp.
page(s): 29 [details]   

additional source Williams, R.B. (1979). A survey of the littoral Anthozoa, with additional notes on some other marine invertebrates of Gower, South Wales. Nature in Wales 16(4):253-266.
page(s): 256 [details]   

additional source Gravier, Ch., 1920. Larves d'Actiniaires provenant des campagnes scientifiques de S. A. S. le Prince Albert I de Monaco. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert I Prince Souverain de Monaco 57: 3-25.
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1938). South African Actiniaria and Zoantharia. <em>Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar.</em> 17(3): 1-148.
page(s): 47 [details]   

additional source Ates, R. M. L.; Dekker, R.; Faasse, M. A.; den Hartog, J. C. (1998). The occurrence of Sagartia elegans (Dalyell, 1848) (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) in the Netherlands. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 323: 263-276.
page(s): 265, 267, 269-272 [details]   

additional source Braber, L.; Borghouts, H. (1977) Distribution and ecology of Anthozoa in the estuarine region of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt., Hydrobiologia 52: 15-20
page(s): 19 [details]   

additional source Hand, C. (1955). The sea anemones of central California. Part III: The Acontiarian anemones. <em>The Wasmann Journal of Biology.</em> 13, 189-251., available online at
page(s): 202 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Ocaña, Oscar; Den Hartog, J.C. (2002). A catalogue of Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia from the Canary Islands and from Madeira, Arquipelago. <em>Life and Marine Sciences.</em> 19A: 33-54.
page(s): 42, 48 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Stephenson, T. A. (1935). The British Sea Anemones. Volume II. <em>The Ray Society. London.</em> pp. 426.
page(s): 324-341 [details]   

additional source Norman, A.M. (1869). Last report on dredging among the Shetland Isles. Part 2. On the Crustacea, Tunicata, Polyzoa, Echinodermata, Actinozoa, Hydrozoa, and Porifera. <em>In: Report of the thirty-eighth meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science; held in Norwich in August 1868. London 1869.</em> pp. 247–336, (Amphipoda, pp. 273–288) (Porifera, pp. 327-335)., available online at
page(s): 318 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source den Hartog J.C., Ates R.M.L. (2011). Actiniaria from Ria de Arosa, Galicia, northwestern Spain, in the Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 85 (2): 11-53.
page(s): 11, 18, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 44 [details]   

additional source Manuel, R. L. (1981). British Anthozoa. <em>London: Academic Press.</em> 241 pp. (Synopses of the British Fauna).
page(s): 146-149 [details]   

additional source Hand, C. (1961). Two new acontiate New Zealand sea anemones. <em>Trans. Soc. New Zealand. Zool.</em> 1(4): 75-89.
page(s): 88 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1949). A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. <em>Kungliga Svenska Vet- enskapsakadamiens Handlingar.</em> 1: 1–121.
page(s): 101 [details]   

additional source Fischer, P. (1889). Nouvelle contribution à l actinologie française. <em>Actes de la Société linnéenne de Bordeaux.</em> 43(5): 251-309. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 267, 274, 277-278 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Gosse, P. (1858). XL.—Synopsis of the families, genera, and species of the British Actiniæ. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 1(6): 414-419., available online at
page(s): 416 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Hincks, T. (1861). A catalogue of the zoophytes of South Devon and South Cornwall. <em>The Annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany, and geology.</em> 8(3): 152-161, 251-262, 290-297, pls 6-8., available online at
page(s): 361 [details]   

additional source Harms, J. (1993). Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight) - a review of recent records. Helgolaender Meeresuntersuchungen, 47(1): 1-34, available online at
page(s): 16 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Doumenc, D.; Chintiroglou, C.; Foubert, A. (1989). Variabilité du genre Telmatactis Gravier. <em>Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris,.</em> 11: 5-45.
page(s): 30 [details]   

additional source Annandale, N. (1915). Fauna of the Chilka Lake. The coelenterates of the lake, with an account of the Actiniaria of brackish water in the gangetic delta. <em>Memoirs of the Indian Museum.</em> 5(1): 65-114., available online at
page(s): 74 [details]   

additional source Jourdan, E. (1880). Recherches zoologiques et histologiques sur les Zoanthaires du golfe de Marseille. <em>Annales des Sciences naturelles, Zoologie.</em> 10(1): 1-154.
page(s): 12, 16-17, 19, 35-37, 50, 79, 94 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Ottaway, J. R. (1979). Population Ecology of the Intertidal Anemone *Actinia tenebrosa.* II. * Geographical Distribution, Synonymy, Reproductive Cycle and Fecundity. <em>Australian Journal of Zoology.</em> 27(2), 273-290.
page(s): 286 [details]   

additional source Hertwig, O.; Hertwig, R. (1879). Die Actinien: Anatomisch und Histologisch, mit besonderer Berucksichtigung des Nervermuskelsystems Untersucht. Gustav Fischer. Jena., pp. 224.
page(s): 90 [details]   

additional source McPeak, R. H. (1968). A new species of acontiate anemone from southern California (Sagartiidae: Sagartia). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 67(3): 182-193
page(s): 182, 189-190, 194-195 [details]   

additional source Nafilyan, Z. (1912). Matériaux pour la faune des Actinies des côtes de France. Les Actinies de Roscoff. Memoirs of the Society of Zoology of France, 25, 5-44
page(s): 6 [details]   

additional source Faurot, L. (1895). Études sur l'anatomie, l'histologie et le développement des actinies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 3, 3, 43-262
page(s): 85, 100, 164 [details]   

additional source Fischer, P. (1874). Recherches sur les actinies des cotes [sic] océaniques de France. Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, 10, 193-244
page(s): 221 [details]   

additional source Fischer, P. (1887). Contribution a l'actinologie française. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 5, 2, 381-442
page(s): 400, 420 [details]   

additional source Gosse, P. H. (1855). Description of Peachia hastata, a new genus and species of the class Zoophyta, with observations on the family Actiniadae. Transactions of the Linnean Society (London), 21, 267-276
page(s): 274 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H. (1972). Prodromus zu einer Monographie der mediterranean Aktinien. Zoologica, 42(121): 1-121
page(s): 48-51 [details]   

additional source Stephenson, T. A. (1929). On methods of reproduction as specific characters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 16(1): 131-172
page(s): 132-167 [details]   

additional source Tugwell, G. (1856). A Manual of the Sea-Anemones Commonly Found on the English Coast. John Van Voorst. London., pp. 123.
page(s): 38, 51, 55, 92, 108 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1940). A contribution to the knowledge of the structure and distribution of the cnidae in the Anthozoa. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets Handlingar, 51, N.F., (3): 1-62
page(s): 7, 42, 43 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1930). Actiniaria and Zoantharia. Andr. Fred. Høst and Søn. Copenhagen., volume 1, pp. 05-01
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1939). Actiniaria, Zoantharia, and Madreporaria. Zoology of Iceland, 2, 8, 1-20
page(s): 8 [details]   

additional source Ates, R. M. L. (1989). Fishes that eat sea anemones, a review. Journal of Natural History, 23, 71-79
page(s): 74 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1959). Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria with description of a new genus and species from Peru. Reports of the Lund University Chile Expedition 1948-49 38. Arkiv für Zoologi, 71, N.F., (6): 1-38
page(s): 31, 32 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Haddon, A. C. (1889). A revision of the British Actiniae. Part I. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 4, 2, 297-361
page(s): 301, 302, 349 [details]   

additional source Hertwig, R. (1882). Die Actinien der Challenger Expedition. Gustav Fischer. Jena., pp. 119.
page(s): 11, 62 [details]   

additional source Hertwig, R. (1882). Report on the Actiniaria dredged by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 (Zoology), 6(1): 1-136
page(s): 2, 12-13, 71 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1928). Anthozoa. Gustav Fischer. Jena., volume 4, pp. 190-237
page(s): 222, 224-226 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1914). Die Actinien. Ergebnisse und Fortschritte aus der Zoologie, 4, 339-640
page(s): 617 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1955). Gli Antozoi del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Trieste Parte I: Antipatharia, Ceriantharia, Zoantharia, Actiniaria, Alcyonaria, e Pennatularia. Atti del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Trieste, 20(7-8): 103-129
page(s): 121 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1962). Die Anthozoenfauna der Adria / Fauna antozoa Jadrana. Fauna et Flora Adriatica, 3, 1-343
page(s): 211-212 [details]   

additional source Collings, D. W. (1938). The Actiniaria of Suffolk (sea-anemones). Transactions of the Suffolk Naturalists' Society, IV, 25-28
page(s): 28 [details]   

additional source Ates, R. M. L. (1982). De Viltkokeranemoon - Cerianthus lloydii. Het Aquarium Maandblad voor Aquarium-, Terrarium- en Insektariumkunde, 52(3): 80-84
page(s): 81 [details]   

additional source Williams, R. B. (1975). Catch-tentacles in sea anemones: occurrence in Haliplanella luciae (Verrill) and a review of current knowledge. Journal of Natural History, 9, 241-248
page(s): 241, 244-246 [details]   

additional source Stephenson, T. A. (1928). The British Sea Anemones. Volume I. The Ray Society. London., volume 1, pp. 148.
page(s): 111 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H. (1972). Die Nesselkapseln der Anthozoen und ihre Bedeutung fur die phylogenetische Systematik. Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 23, 422-458
page(s): 439 [details]   

additional source Dixon, F. (1888). On the arrangement of the mesenteries in the genus Sagartia, Gosse. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society, 6, 136-142
page(s): 139-140 [details]   

additional source Dixon, G. Y. (1888). Remarks on Sagartia venusta and Sagartia nivea. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society, 6, 3, 111-127
page(s): 125 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Mueller, I. (1953). Die Anthozoenfauna der bucht von Ka?tela bei Split. Acta Adriatica, 5(1): 3-35
page(s): 10-11, 13, 18 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C. (1963). De Verspreiding Van Tealia felina, De Zeedahlia, In Nederland. Het Zeepaard, 23(5): 75-82
page(s): 76, 78 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1953). Cereus pedunculatus in der Adria. Acta Adriatica, 5(2): 3-15 (39-51)
page(s): 39, 42 [details]   

additional source Müllegger, S. (1938). Die Aktinien: Beschreibung der vornehmlich im aquarium gehaltenen Aktinien. Wochenschrift für Aquarien und Tarrarienkunde, 39-44, 1-16
page(s): 7-9, 13 [details]   

additional source Williams, R. B. (1998). Measurements of cnidae from sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria), II: further studies of differences amongst sample means and their taxonomic relevance. Scientia Marina, 62(4): 361-372
page(s): 361, 364-365 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1920). Die Aktinienfauna von Büsum. Schriften der Zoologischen Station Büsum für Meereskunde, 6(5): 1-24
page(s): 17-20 [details]   

additional source Chintiroglou, C. C.; Doumenc, D. A.; Zamponi, M. O. (1997). Commented list of the Mediterranean Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia (Anthozoa). Acta Adriatica, 38(1): 65-70
page(s): 67 [details]   

additional source Heider, A. R. (1877). Sagartia troglodytes Gosse, ein Beitrag zur Anatomie der Actinien. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche, 75, 367-414
page(s): 367-414 [details]   

additional source Füller, H. (1957). Exkursionsfauna von Deutschland. Wirbellose I. Volk und Wissen Volkseigener. Berlin., pp. 30-34 (485 total pages in volume).
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source Loukmidou, S.; Chintiroglou, C. C.; Doumenc, D. A. (1997). Inventaire du cnidome des actiniaires et corallimorphaires de Mediterranee (Cnidaria, Anthozoa). Bios, 4, 63-114
page(s): 100-101, 109 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1945). Polypdyr (Coelenterata) III. Koraldyr. Danmarks Fauna Udgivet af Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 51, 3-167
page(s): 132-133, 157 [details]   

additional source Riemann-Zürneck, K. (1969). Sagartia troglodytes (Anthozoa). Biologie und Morphologie einer schlickbewohnenden Aktinie. Veröffentlichungen des Institutes für Meeresforschung Bremerhaven, 12, 169-230
page(s): 169-227 [details]   

additional source Ates, R. M. L. (1997). Bloemdieren: De Zeeanemonen En Hun Verwanten Van De Nederlandse Kust. C. Moerman. Zeeanjer., pp. 31.
page(s): 17, 7, 8, 18, 22, 24, 25 [details]   

additional source Williams, R. B. (2000). Measurements of cnidae from sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria), III: ranges and other measures of statistical dispersion, their interrelations and taxonomic relevance. Scientia Marina, 64(1): 49-68
page(s): 49-68 [details]   

additional source Williams, R. B. (1988). The current status of the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis in England -- a correction. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalist's Society, 28, 50
page(s): 50 [details]   

additional source Williams, R. B. (1980). A further note on catch-tentacles in sea anemones. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalist's Society, 25, 84-86
page(s): 84-86 [details]   

additional source Acuña, F. H.; Excoffon, A. C.; Griffiths, C. L. (2004). First record and redescription of the introduced sea anemone Sagartia ornata (Holdsworth, 1855) (Cnidaria: Actiniaria: Sagartiidae) from South Africa. African Zoology, 39(2): 314-318
page(s): 314-315 [details]   

additional source Patzner, R. A. (2004). Associations with sea anemones in the Mediterranean Sea: a review. Ophelia, 58(1): 1-11
page(s): 4, 5 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Daly, M.; Cappola, V. A. (2005). Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of the Faroe Islands: a preliminary list and biogeographic context. Annales Societatis Scientiarum Færoensis, 41, 77-87
page(s): 83 [details]   

additional source Ardelean, A.; Fautin, D. G. (2004). A new species of the sea anemone Megalactis (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria, Actinodendridae) from Taiwan and designation of a neotype for the type species of the genus. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 117(4): 488-504
page(s): 502 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Teissier, G. (1965). Inventaire de la faune marine de Roscoff. Station Biologique de Roscoff. Roscoff., pp. 62.
page(s): 52 [details]   

additional source Dons, C. (1945). Norges strandfauna XXXII hexakoraller. Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Forhandlinger, 18(4): 17-20
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Zamponi, M. O. (2005). Estudio de la reproducción sexual de las anémonas de mar (Actiniaria) y la estrategia del hombre pobre (the poor man's game). Revista Real Academia Galega de Ciencias, 24
page(s): 12, 16, 17 [details]   

additional source Stehouwer, H. (1954). The preference of the slug Aeolidia papillosa (L.) for the sea anemone Metridium senile (L.). Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie, 10(2): 161-170
page(s): 163, 170 [details]   

additional source Excoffon, A. C.; Zamponi, M. O. (1991). La biologia reproductiva de Phymactis clematis Dana, 1849 (Actiniaria: Actiniidae): gametogenesis, periodos reproductivos, desarrollo embrionario y larval. Spheniscus, 9, 25-39
page(s): 34 [details]   

additional source Daly, M.; Chaudhuri, A.; Gusmão, L.; Rodríguez, E. (2008). Phylogenetic relationships among sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 48, 292-301
page(s): 295 [details]   

additional source Zamponi, M. O. (2000). Sintesis sobre la biologia reproductiva de los actiniarios intermareales de Mar del Plata (Argentina). Revista Real Academia Galega de Ciencias, 19, 43-53
page(s): 50 [details]   

additional source Zamponi, M. O. (1984). Los primeros estadios del desarrollo en Actinostola crassicornis (Hertwig, 1882) (Actiniaria: Actinostolidae). Neotropica, 30, 83, 111-120
page(s): 116 [details]   

additional source Excoffon, A. C.; Zamponi, M. O. (1999). Sagartia troglodytes (Price, 1847) (Cnidaria: Sagartiidae) from the south-western Atlantic Ocean and the first evidence of spermatophores in sea anemones. Acta Adriatica, 40, 1, 77-86
page(s): 77-84, fig. 1-6 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H.; Béress, L. (1971). Phylogenetische betrachtungen zur toxizität und nesselwirkung einiger Actiniaria (Anthozoa) im vergleich zur morphologie ihrer nesselkapseln. Kieler Meeresforschungen, XXVII(2): 166-170
page(s): 168 [details]   

additional source Daly, M.; Gusmão, L.; Reft, A. J.; Rodríguez, E. (2010). Phylogenetic signal in mitochondrial and nuclear markers in sea anemones (Cnidaria, Actiniaria). Integrative and Comparative Biology, 50(3): 371-388
page(s): 374 [details]   

additional source Chen, C.; Soong, K.; Chen, C. A. (2008). The smallest oocytes among broadcast-spawning actiniarians and a unique lunar reproductive cycle in a unisexual population of the sea anemone, Aiptasia pulchella (Anthozoa: Actiniaria). Zoological Studies, 47(1): 37-45
page(s): 37, 38, 39, 43 [details]   

additional source Ates, R. M. L. (2001). Kwallen als voedsel van zeeanemonen en van stormvogels [Jellyfish as food for sea anemones and fulmars]. Het Zeepaard, 62(5): 132-135
page(s): 132 [details]   

additional source Stephenson, T. A. (1929). On the nematocysts of sea anemones. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 16(1): 173-201
page(s): 182, 183, 188, 189 [details]   

additional source Robertson, D. (1876). On the sea anemones of the shores of the Cumbraes. Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Glasgow, 2, 24-30
page(s): 28 [details]   

additional source Andrews, W. (1872). On the inhabitants of the rock-pools and caves of Dingle Bay. Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin, 6, 1, 16-19
page(s): 17 [details]   

additional source Ramil Blanco, F.; Pulpeiro, E. F. (1990). Inventario de los antozoos de Galicia. A checklist of the Anthozoa from Galicia. Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 86(1-4): 17-30
page(s): 24 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1942). Actiniaria Part II. Danish Ingolf-Expedition, 5, 12, 1-92
page(s): 7-8 [details]   

additional source Williams, R. B. (1975). A redescription of the brackish-water sea anemone Nematostella vectensis Stephenson, with an appraisal of congeneric species. Journal of Natural History, 9, 51-64
page(s): 59 [details]   

status source Shaw, P.; Beardmore, J.; Ryland, J. (1987). Sagartia troglodytes (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) consists of two species. <em>Marine Ecology Progress Series.</em> 41: 21-28., available online at
note: Note that the author of the species is given incorrectly in this reference as Holdsworth in Gosse, 1860 rather than Holdsworth, 1855 [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Nontype (of Actinia troglodytes Price in Johnston, 1847) LO NONE [details]
Unknown type ZMH, geounit Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Habitat coastal to shelf [details]

Dutch slibanemoon  [details]
English mud sagartiacave-dwelling anemonecave-burrowing anemone  [details]
French sagartie des vasessagartie de vase  [details]
German SchlickanemoneSchlamm-SagartiaKolibrirose  [details]
Web site hosted and maintained by Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) - Contact