MarBEF Data System



ERMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 140301

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactroidea > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactridae > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula Gray, 1837
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyrena panormitana Bivona, 1839
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra castanea Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra crassatella Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra ovalis J. Sowerby, 1817
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra solida (Linnaeus, 1758)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra solida var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra striata Nyst, 1845
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra truncata Montagu, 1808
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula (Spisula) ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella gallina da Costa, 1778
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella zonaria da Costa, 1778
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Basque Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortxirla zuria  [details]
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorou blancUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcloïssa blanca  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortykskallet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstevige strandschelp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorthick trough shellUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsurf clamUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbar clam  [details]
Finnish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvinohammassimpukka  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspisule solideUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormactre solide  [details]
Galician Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornichaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorameixa branca  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfeste TrogmuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordickschalige Trogmuschel  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoramêijoa branca  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorclicaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralmeja blanca  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [details]
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRussian part of the Black Sea [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUkrainian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Morocco
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorocco [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIcelandic Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMoroccan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBIOTIC 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (32 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (7 nucleotides; 0 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Bivalves of the British Isles webpage at National Museum of Wales 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are reasonably coarse, growth lines are clear. A shallow burrowing suspension
feeder. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. The species is mainly found on the tops of the sandbanks. During the 1976-1986 period S. solida was found in a relatively high number of locations. In the 1994-2001 period, however, the distribution frequency decreased considerably. In both periods S. solida reached a maximum density of 40 ind./m2. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Spisula solida mainly prefers coarse-grained sediments: the higher the median grain size, the higher the relative occurrence (up to 20%). The species furthermore also tends to prefer the presence of a low mud content (0-20%). The species does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 20%.The high relative occurrence (20%) in sediments with a median grain size of 50-100 μm is considered unreliable (outlier). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorValidity Valid as Spisula (Spisula) solida (Linnaeus, 1758) [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140301
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
2006-04-13 07:37:35Z  changed  Vandepitte, Leen
2008-08-21 17:03:20Z  checked  Gofas, Serge
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: Gofas, S. (2013). Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvantidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2013) European Register of Marine Species at http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140301 on 2014-04-17
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
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