MarBEF Data System



HABs taxon details

Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895

232491  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:232491)

accepted
Species
marine, terrestrial
(of Dinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Schütt, F. (1895). Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung. Bd. IV. Peridineen der Plankton-Expedition. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel. [details]   
Type locality contained in Atlantic Ocean  
type locality contained in Atlantic Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Distribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
  
Distribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
 [details]

Identification This species has been confused with Phalacroma rapa, being morphologically very similar, but not toxic.
  
Identification This species has been confused with Phalacroma rapa, being morphologically very similar, but not toxic.
 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895. Accessed through: Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Escalera, L.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Murray, S.; Tillmann, U.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232491 on 2024-06-22
Lundholm, N.; Churro, C.; Escalera, L.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Mertens, K.; Moestrup, Ø.; Murray, S.; Tillmann, U.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Phalacroma mitra F.Schütt, 1895. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/HAB/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=232491 on 2024-06-22
Date
action
by
2006-07-24 10:32:07Z
created
Camba Reu, Cibran
2007-10-17 15:07:21Z
changed
db_admin
2008-09-08 11:43:08Z
changed
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
changed
2010-10-12 11:37:52Z
changed
2011-07-18 07:02:06Z
checked
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

original description  (of Dinophysis mitra (F.Schütt) T.H.Abé, 1967) Schütt, F. (1895). Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung. Bd. IV. Peridineen der Plankton-Expedition. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Balech, E. (1962). Tintinnoinea y Dinoflagellata del Pacífico según material de las expediciones Norpac y Downwind del Instituto Scripps de Oceanografía. <em>Rev. Mus. Arg. Cs. Nat. “B. Rivadavia”, C. Zool.</em> 7(1): 1-253, 26 pl. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Abé, T.H. (1927). Report of the biological survey of Mutsu Bay. 3. Notes on the protozoan fauna of Mutsu Bay. I. Peridiniales. <em>Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University, Series 4.</em> 2: 383-438. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

ecology source Hallegraeff, G. M.; Lucas, I. A. N. (1988). The marine dinoflagellate genus Dinophysis (Dinophyceae): photosynthetic, neritic and non-photosynthetic, oceanic species. <em>Phycologia.</em> 27(1): 25-42., available online at https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-27-1-25.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

ecology source Mitra, A.; Caron, D. A.; Faure, E.; Flynn, K. J.; Leles, S. G.; Hansen, P. J.; McManus, G. B.; Not, F.; Do Rosario Gomes, H.; Santoferrara, L. F.; Stoecker, D. K.; Tillmann, U. (2023). The Mixoplankton Database (MDB): Diversity of photo‐phago‐trophic plankton in form, function, and distribution across the global ocean. <em>Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology.</em> 70(4)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12972 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From regional or thematic species database
Description Cells large, broad and wedgeshaped. 70–95 μm in length and 58–70 μm in dorso-ventral width. The ventral hypothecal margin is distinctly concave below the left sulcal list. The LSL is relatively short, only half of the total cell length. Cells are widest at the base of the second rib of the LSL (left sulcal list). Thecae thick and coarsely areolated. Areolae large, some with a small central pore.  [details]

Distribution Widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical waters.
 [details]

Identification This species has been confused with Phalacroma rapa, being morphologically very similar, but not toxic.
 [details]

Toxicology Neither blooms nor DSP outbreaks linked to the occurrence of Phalacroma mitra have ever been reported.

A single analysis of picked cells of Phalacroma mitra (as Dinophysis mitra) from Japan by HPLC-FD (Lee et al. 1989) reported 10 pg of DTX1 per cell.

 [details]
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