Nematodes from the Strait of Magellan and the Beagle Channel (Chile): the genera Cervonema and Laimella (Comesomatidae : Nematoda)
Chen, G.T.; Vincx, M. (2000). Nematodes from the Strait of Magellan and the Beagle Channel (Chile): the genera Cervonema and Laimella (Comesomatidae : Nematoda). Hydrobiologia 427(1-3): 27-49. dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1003943021901
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158; e-ISSN 1573-5117
Five species of Cervonema and four species of Laimella are described from the Strait of Magellan and the Beagle Channel, Chile, six species of which are new to science. Cervonema chilensis n. sp. and Cervonema hermani n. sp. are separated from other known species of Cervonema by a short cervical region (less than one head diameter from the front end to the anterior border of the amphids). Cervonema chilensis n. sp, is characterised by a tail length of 5 anal diameters with posterior half filiform; Cervonema hermani n. sp. is characterised by a tail length of 6-9 anal diameter and posterior part (75%) cylindrical. Cervonema shiae n. sp. is characterised by the cephalic seta 4 µm long, amphids 9-10 µm in diameter; spicules 16 µm long and 0.8-0.9 abd; tail 4.7-5.4 anal diameter and 50% posterior part filiform; 4-5 minute precloacal supplements. Laimella subterminata n. sp. is characterised by the subterminal position of the buccal cavity which separates it from the other species of the genus. Laimella annae n. sp. is characterised by the head diameter 9-11 µm, cephalic setae and external labial setae 9 + 5 µm long, respectively, amphids 7 µm in diameter; spicules 28-30 µm long; tail 14-17 anal diameter and posterior part (75%) filiform; 5 precloacal supplements. Laimella sandrae n. sp. is very close to Laimella annae n. sp. in having similar cephalic sensilla, amphids and spicules. Laimella sandrae n. sp., however, can be separated from L.annae n. sp. by the shape of head and the structure of sperm cells, the total body length and the cylindrical part of tail. Cervonema papillatum Jensen, 1988, C. tenuicauda (Stekhoven, 1950) and L. longicauda Cobb, 1920 are found in this area as well. The key of all known species of Cervonema and Laimella is presented.