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WoRMS taxon details

Bunodactis Verrill, 1899

100699  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:100699)

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  1. Subgenus Bunodactis (Epiactis)
    1. Species Bunodactis (Epiactis) mortenseni (Carlgren, 1924) accepted as Bunodactis mortenseni (Carlgren, 1924)
  2. Subgenus Bunodactis (Parabunodactis)
    1. Species Bunodactis (Parabunodactis) inflexibilis Carlgren, 1928 accepted as Parabunodactis inflexibilis (Carlgren, 1928) (original binomen)
  3. Subgenus Bunodactis (Parantheopsis)
    1. Species Bunodactis (Parantheopsis) vanhoeffeni Pax, 1922 accepted as Parantheopsis vanhoeffeni (Pax, 1922)
    2. Species Bunodactis (Parantheopsis) vanhöffeni Pax, 1922 accepted as Parantheopsis vanhoeffeni (Pax, 1922)
  4. Species Bunodactis altifossa (Lager, 1911)
  5. Species Bunodactis aucklandica Carlgren, 1927
  6. Species Bunodactis bunodiformis (Hertwig, 1882)
  7. Species Bunodactis chrysobathys Parry, 1951
  8. Species Bunodactis conica (Mc Murrich, 1904)
  9. Species Bunodactis curacaoensis Pax, 1924
  10. Species Bunodactis elongata (Mc Murrich, 1904)
  11. Species Bunodactis glandulosa (Otto, 1823)
  12. Species Bunodactis hermafroditica Carlgren, 1959
  13. Species Bunodactis inornata (Stimpson, 1856)
  14. Species Bunodactis maculosa Carlgren, 1954
  15. Species Bunodactis mortenseni (Carlgren, 1924)
  16. Species Bunodactis nikobarica Carlgren, 1928
  17. Species Bunodactis octoradiata (Carlgren, 1899)
  18. Species Bunodactis patagoniensis (Carlgren, 1899)
  19. Species Bunodactis reynaudi (Milne Edwards, 1857)
  20. Species Bunodactis rubripunctata (Grube, 1840)
  21. Species Bunodactis rubrofusca Carlgren, 1924
  22. Species Bunodactis spetsbergensis (Kwietniewski, 1898)
  23. Species Bunodactis verrucosa (Pennant, 1777)
  24. Species Bunodactis alfordi Gosse accepted as Anthopleura ballii (Cocks, 1851)
  25. Species Bunodactis balli (Cocks, 1851) accepted as Anthopleura ballii (Cocks, 1851)
  26. Species Bunodactis ballii (Cocks, 1851) accepted as Anthopleura ballii (Cocks, 1851)
  27. Species Bunodactis biscayensis (Fischer, 1874) accepted as Bunodosoma biscayense (Fischer, 1874) accepted as Anthopleura biscayensis (Fischer, 1874)
  28. Species Bunodactis capitata (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Aulactinia capitata Agassiz in Verril, 1864
  29. Species Bunodactis carlgreni (Clubb, 1902) accepted as Aulactinia sulcata (Clubb, 1902)
  30. Species Bunodactis cruentata (Couthouy in Dana, 1846) accepted as Parantheopsis cruentata (Couthouy in Dana, 1846)
  31. Species Bunodactis curaçaoensis Pax, 1924 accepted as Bunodactis curacaoensis Pax, 1924
  32. Species Bunodactis duregnei (Fischer, 1889) accepted as Bunodactis rubripunctata (Grube, 1840)
  33. Species Bunodactis elegantissima (Brandt, 1835) accepted as Anthopleura elegantissima (Brandt, 1835)
  34. Species Bunodactis fallax Pax, 1922 accepted as Bunodosoma fallax (Pax, 1922) (original binomen)
  35. Species Bunodactis gemmacea Ellis & Solander accepted as Aulactinia verrucosa (Pennant, 1777) accepted as Bunodactis verrucosa (Pennant, 1777)
  36. Species Bunodactis gigas Pax, 1926 accepted as Bunodactis reynaudi (Milne Edwards, 1857)
  37. Species Bunodactis hermaphroditica Carlgren, 1959 accepted as Bunodactis hermafroditica Carlgren, 1959
  38. Species Bunodactis inconspicua (Hutton, 1879) accepted as Anthopleura inconspicua (Hutton, 1879)
  39. Species Bunodactis inflexibilis Carlgren, 1928 accepted as Parabunodactis inflexibilis (Carlgren, 1928)
  40. Species Bunodactis japonica (Verrill, 1869) accepted as Epiactis japonica (Verrill, 1869)
  41. Species Bunodactis listeri (Johnson, 1861) accepted as Anthopleura ballii (Cocks, 1851)
  42. Species Bunodactis manni Verrill, 1899 accepted as Cladactella manni (Verrill, 1899) (original binomen)
  43. Species Bunodactis marplatensis Zamponi, 1977 accepted as Aulactinia marplatensis (Zamponi, 1977) (original binomen)
  44. Species Bunodactis mexicana Carlgren, 1951 accepted as Anthopleura dowii Verrill, 1869
  45. Species Bunodactis michaelseni Pax, 1920 accepted as Anthopleura michaelseni (Pax, 1920) (original binomen)
  46. Species Bunodactis minima (Stuckey & Walton, 1910) accepted as Anthopleura minima (Stuckey & Walton, 1910)
  47. Species Bunodactis nicobarica accepted as Bunodactis nikobarica Carlgren, 1928
  48. Species Bunodactis nigrescens (Verrill, 1928) accepted as Anthopleura nigrescens (Verrill, 1928)
  49. Species Bunodactis novazealandica (Stephenson, 1918) accepted as Epiactis neozealandica Stephenson, 1918
  50. Species Bunodactis ocellata (Lesson, 1830) accepted as Parantheopsis ocellata (Lesson, 1830)
  51. Species Bunodactis papillosa (Verrill, 1869) accepted as Phymactis papillosa (Lesson, 1830)
  52. Species Bunodactis pluvia (Drayton in Dana, 1846) accepted as Phymanthea pluvia (Drayton in Dana, 1846)
  53. Species Bunodactis rigidus (Andres, 1880) accepted as Bunodactis rubripunctata (Grube, 1840)
  54. Species Bunodactis rosea (Stuckey & Walton, 1910) accepted as Anthopleura rosea (Stuckey & Walton, 1910)
  55. Species Bunodactis rubro-fusca accepted as Bunodactis rubrofusca Carlgren, 1924
  56. Species Bunodactis rupripunctata accepted as Bunodactis rubripunctata (Grube, 1840)
  57. Species Bunodactis sabelloides (Andres, 1881) accepted as Bunodactis rubripunctata (Grube, 1840)
  58. Species Bunodactis steinitze Pax, 1925 accepted as Bunodactis rubripunctata (Grube, 1840)
  59. Species Bunodactis stella (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Aulactinia stella (Verrill, 1864)
  60. Species Bunodactis stelloides (McMurrich, 1889) accepted as Isoaulactinia stelloides (McMurrich, 1889)
  61. Species Bunodactis stimpsoni (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Anthopleura stimpsonii Verrill, 1869
  62. Species Bunodactis sulcata (Clubb, 1902) accepted as Aulactinia sulcata (Clubb, 1902)
  63. Species Bunodactis taxaensis accepted as Anthopleura texaensis (Carlgren & Hedgepeth, 1952)
  64. Species Bunodactis texaensis Carlgren & Hedgepeth, 1952 accepted as Anthopleura texaensis (Carlgren & Hedgepeth, 1952)
  65. Species Bunodactis thallia (Gosse, 1854) accepted as Anthopleura thallia (Gosse, 1854)
  66. Species Bunodactis vanhoeffeni Pax, 1922 accepted as Parantheopsis vanhoeffeni (Pax, 1922) (original binomen)
  67. Species Bunodactis varidi (Carlgren, 1900) accepted as Anthopleura waridi (Carlgren, 1900)
  68. Species Bunodactis verruculata (Lager, 1911) accepted as Aulactinia veratra (Drayton in Dana, 1846)
  69. Species Bunodactis waridi (Carlgren, 1900) accepted as Anthopleura waridi (Carlgren, 1900)
  70. Species Bunodactis xanthogrammica (Brandt, 1835) accepted as Anthopleura xanthogrammica (Brandt, 1835)
  71. Species Bunodactis eydouxii (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  72. Species Bunodactis rigida (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  73. Species Bunodactis spitzbergensis (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, terrestrial
Verrill, A. E. (1899). Descriptions of imperfectly known and new actinians, with critical notes on other species. American Journal of Science, 7: 41-50, 143-146, 205-218, 375-380 [details]   
Rodríguez, E.; Fautin, D; Daly, M. (2024). World List of Actiniaria. Bunodactis Verrill, 1899. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=100699 on 2024-05-29
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-10-06 13:36:17Z
changed
2020-09-30 17:06:34Z
changed
2022-09-22 14:02:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Verrill, A. E. (1899). Descriptions of imperfectly known and new actinians, with critical notes on other species. American Journal of Science, 7: 41-50, 143-146, 205-218, 375-380 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; den Hartog, J.H. (2001). Actiniaria, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 106-109 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source MacNae, W. & M. Kalk (eds). (1958). A natural history of Inhaca Island, Mozambique. Witwatersrand Univ. Press, Johannesburg. I-iv, 163 pp. [details]   

additional source Doumenc D. & Foubert A. (1984). Microinformatique et taxonomie des actinies: Cle mondiale des genres. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, 60, 1, 43-86.
page(s): 56, 65, 67, 76, 80, 81, 82, 83 [details]   

additional source Fishelson, L. (1970). Littoral fauna of the Red Sea: the population of non-scleractinian anthozoans of shallow waters of the Red Sea. <em>Marine Biology.</em> 6 (2): 106-116.
page(s): 107 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O.; Hedgepeth, J. W. A. (1952). Actinaria, Zoantharia, and Ceriantharia from shallow water in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Publications of the Institute of Marine Science. 2, 141-172.
page(s): 156 [details]   

additional source Li, Y., & Liu, R. (2012). Aulactinia sinensis, a new species of sea anemone (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from Yellow Sea. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3476, 62-68.
page(s): 62, 63 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1949). A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. <em>Kungliga Svenska Vet- enskapsakadamiens Handlingar.</em> 1: 1–121.
page(s): 64-66 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dunn, D. F. (1982). Cnidaria. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York and other cities., volume 1, pp. 669-706
page(s): 694 [details]   

additional source Menon, K. R. (1927). Subclass Zoantharia (except Scleractiniae). Bulletin of Madras Government Museum (Natural History Section), 1(1): 31-40
page(s): 36, Plate VI Fig. 5, Fig. 6 [details]   

additional source Duerden, J. E. (1902). Report on the actinians of Porto Rico [Investigations of the aquatic resources and fisheries of Porto Rico by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer Fish Hawk in 1899]. Bulletin of the U.S. Fisheries Commission, 20, 2, 323-374
page(s): 347 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1945). Further contributions to the knowledge of the cnidom in the Anthozoa especially in the Actiniaria. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets Handlingar, 56, N.F., (9): 1-24
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Kostina, E. E. (1988). Biogeographical characteristics of sea anemones of the Pacific boreal region. Biologiya Morya, 1988(3): 14-21
page(s): 18 [details]   

additional source McCommas, S. A. (1991). Relationships within the family Actiniidae (Cnidaria, Actiniaria) based on molecular characters. Hydrobiologia, 216/217, 509-512
page(s): 510-512 [details]   

additional source McCommas, S. A. (1983). A taxonomic approach to evaluation of the charge state model using twelve species of sea anemone. Genetics, 103, 741-752
page(s): 743, 745, 747, 749 [details]   

additional source Kussakin, O. G.; Kostina, E. E. (1996). The intertidal biota of volcanic Yankich Island (Middle Kuril Islands). Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, 37(3-6): 201-225
page(s): 208, 220 [details]   

additional source Rodríguez, E.; Daly, M. (2010). Phylogenetic relationships among deep-sea and chemosynthetic sea anemones: Actinoscyphyiidae and Actinostolidae (Actiniaria: Mesomyaria). Public Library of Science One, 5, 6, 1-8
page(s): 4, 5 [details]   

additional source Delphy, J. (1939). Présence sur la côte Française de la Manche de l'actinie Bolocera Tuediæ (Johnston)? - et quelques remarques sur d'autres anthozoaires. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris), 11, 2, (2): 267-270
page(s): 267, 268 [details]   

additional source Sanamyan, N. P.; Sanamyan, K. E. (2006). The genera Urticina and Cribrinopsis (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from the north-western Pacific. Journal of Natural History, 40(7-8): 359-393
page(s): 389, 391 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Zelenchuk, T.; Raveendran, D. (2007). Genera of orders Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Hexacorallia), and their type species. Zootaxa, 1668, 183-244
page(s): 193-194 [details]   

additional source Corrêa, D. D. (1964). Corallimorpharia e Actiniaria do Atlantico Oeste Tropical. Universidade de São Paulo (Dissertation). São Paulo., pp. 139.
page(s): 71 [details]   

source of synonymy Dunn, D. F.; Chia, F. S.; Levine, R. (1980). Nomenclature of Aulactinia (= Bunodactis), with description of Aulactinia incubans n. sp. (Coelenterata: Actiniaria), an internally brooding sea anemone from Puget Sound. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 58(11): 2071-2080
note: Per this paper, Bunodactis Verrill, 1899 and Aulactinia Verrill, 1864 are pro parte synonyms ; later, all former Bunodactis species transferred to Aulactinia (Fautin, 2016) based on published diagnosi...  
Per this paper, Bunodactis Verrill, 1899 and Aulactinia Verrill, 1864 are pro parte synonyms ; later, all former Bunodactis species transferred to Aulactinia (Fautin, 2016) based on published diagnosis rather than examination of type material.
 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Classification Former Bunodactis species transferred to Aulactinia based on published diagnosis rather than examination of type material (Fautin, 2016). Species-by-species studies are necessary. [details]
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