MarBEF Data System



WoRMS taxon details

Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792)

127185  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:127185)

accepted
Species
Fario gairdneri (Richardson, 1836) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (also misspelling)
Onchorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Onchorrhychus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) · unaccepted (misspelling)
Onchorynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) · unaccepted (misspelling)
Oncorhynchus myskis (Walbaum, 1792) · unaccepted (misspelling)
Salmo gairdneri Richardson, 1836 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (also misspelling)
Salmo gairdneri gairdneri (Richardson, 1836) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (also misspelling)
Salmo gairdneri kamloops (Jordan, 1892) · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Salmo gairdnerii Richardson, 1836 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Salmo irideux Gibbons, 1855 · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Salmo purpuratus Pallas, 1814 · unaccepted (synonym)
Salmono gairdneri Richardson, 1836 · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling

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marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Salmo mykiss Walbaum, 1792) Walbaum, J. J. (1792). Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium. In quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis. Redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52. Ichthyologiae pars III. <em>Ant. Ferdin. Rose, Grypeswaldiae [Greifswald].</em> Part 3: [i-viii] + 1-723, Pls. 1-3.
page(s): 59 [details]   
Description The natural habitat of the species is freshwater with about 12°C in summer. It is unclear whether its anadromy is a truly...  
Description The natural habitat of the species is freshwater with about 12°C in summer. It is unclear whether its anadromy is a truly genetic adaptation or simply an opportunistic behavior. It seems that any stock of rainbow trout is capable of migrating, or at least adapting to seawater, if the need or opportunity arises. Adults feed upon fish eggs, minnow and other small fish (including other trout); young feed on small insects and crustaceans. Utilized fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Rainbow trout is cultured in many countries and is often hatched and stocked into rivers and lake especially to attract recreational fishermen (Ref. 9988). [details]

Distribution Native to the Pacific coastal inland waters. Introduced into the Atlantic drainages.  
Distribution Native to the Pacific coastal inland waters. Introduced into the Atlantic drainages. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=127185 on 2024-06-12
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description  (of Salmo gairdneri Richardson, 1836) Richardson, J. (1836). The Fish. In: Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under the command of Sir John Franklin, R.N. <em>J. Bentley, London.</em> Part 3: i-xv + 1-327, Pls. 74-97. [Reference was incorrectly given as 1837; correct date is 1836 (WNE June 12, 2015).]. [details]   

original description  (of Salmo rivularis Ayres, 1855) Ayres, W. O. (1855). [Description of new fishes from California.]. <em>(Minutes of Academy meetings were printed in "The Pacific" (a newspaper) shortly after each meeting. New species date to publication in The Pacific. Dates of publication are given in each species account). The Pacific [newspaper].</em> v. 4 (nos 7-22). [Also appeared in Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci. v. 1.]. [details]   

original description  (of Salmo mykiss Walbaum, 1792) Walbaum, J. J. (1792). Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium. In quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis. Redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52. Ichthyologiae pars III. <em>Ant. Ferdin. Rose, Grypeswaldiae [Greifswald].</em> Part 3: [i-viii] + 1-723, Pls. 1-3.
page(s): 59 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo penshinensis Pallas, 1814) Pallas, P. S. (1814). Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum.3 vols.[1811-1814]. <em>Academia Scientiarum, Petropolis [Sankt Petersburg].</em> v. 3: i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV), Pls. 1, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 21.
page(s): 381 [details]   

original description  (of Salmo purpuratus Pallas, 1814) Pallas, P. S. (1814). Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum.3 vols.[1811-1814]. <em>Academia Scientiarum, Petropolis [Sankt Petersburg].</em> v. 3: i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV), Pls. 1, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 21.
page(s): 374 [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Leung KMY., Chu JCW. & Wu RSS. (2003).Reducing nitrogen pollution loading from fish farming by changing feeding practices: an example from Hong Kong. In: Morton B, editor. Proceedings of an International Workshop Reunion Conference, Hong Kong: Perspectives on Marine Environment Change in Hong Kong and Southern China, 1977-2001. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. pp 543-554. [details]   

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Breine, J.; Van Thuyne, G. (2014). Opvolging van het visbestand in de Zeeschelde: Viscampagnes 2013. <em>Rapporten van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, INBO.R.2014.1413950. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek (INBO): Brussel.</em> 52 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. <em>Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.</em> No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source Streftaris, N., A. Zenetos & E. Papathanassiou. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. <em>Oceanogry and Marine Biology: an Annual Review.</em> 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Lutaenko, K.A.; Furota, T.; Nakayama; S.; Shin, K.; Xu, J. (2013). Atlas of Marine Invasive Species in the NOWPAP Region. Beijing: NOWPAP DINRAC (Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center). 189 pp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2024). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2024., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source Artedi, P.; Linnaeus, C. V.; Walbaum, J. J. (1792). Petri Artedi Sueci Genera piscium : in quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis : redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52 : Ichthyologiae. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61537#/summary
page(s): 59 [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2023). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2023)., available online at https://www.fishbase.org [details]   

ecology source Looby, A.; Erbe, C.; Bravo, S.; Cox, K.; Davies, H. L.; Di Iorio, L.; Jézéquel, Y.; Juanes, F.; Martin, C. W.; Mooney, T. A.; Radford, C.; Reynolds, L. K.; Rice, A. N.; Riera, A.; Rountree, R.; Spriel, B.; Stanley, J.; Vela, S.; Parsons, M. J. G. (2023). Global inventory of species categorized by known underwater sonifery. <em>Scientific Data.</em> 10(1). (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-023-02745-4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in Portugal (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Belgian part of the North Sea : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species impact Chinese part of the Yellow Sea (Marine Region) Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species impact Chinese part of the Yellow Sea (Marine Region) Genetic impacts: hybridisation and introgression [details]

Introduced species impact Chinese part of the Yellow Sea (Marine Region) Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal Uruguayan part of the South Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) Aquaculture: Accidental [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Fisheries: deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish to establish or support fishery [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea : Fisheries: deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish to establish or support fishery [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal Chinese part of the Yellow Sea (Marine Region) Aquaculture [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal Argentinean part of the South Atlantic Ocean (Marine Region) Aquaculture: Accidental [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in France (Nation) : Fisheries: deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish to establish or support fishery [details]

From other sources
Description The natural habitat of the species is freshwater with about 12°C in summer. It is unclear whether its anadromy is a truly genetic adaptation or simply an opportunistic behavior. It seems that any stock of rainbow trout is capable of migrating, or at least adapting to seawater, if the need or opportunity arises. Adults feed upon fish eggs, minnow and other small fish (including other trout); young feed on small insects and crustaceans. Utilized fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Rainbow trout is cultured in many countries and is often hatched and stocked into rivers and lake especially to attract recreational fishermen (Ref. 9988). [details]

Diet Adults feed on aquatic and terrestial insects, molluscs, crustaceans, fish eggs, minnows, and other small fishes (including other trout); young feed predominantly on zooplankton  [details]

Distribution Native to the Pacific coastal inland waters. Introduced into the Atlantic drainages. [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Habitat The natural habitat of the species is fresh water with about 12°C in summer. [details]

Importance Scientific- Highly commercial, aquaculture, gamefish [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
Albanian trofta e ylbertë [from synonym]trofta e Kalifornisë [from synonym]  [details]
Danish regnbueørred  [details]
Dutch zalmforelregenboogforelforel  [details]
English syeelhead troutsteelhead troutSteelheadrainbow trout  [details]
French truite saumonéetruite arc-en-ciel anadrometruite arc-en-cieltruite  [details]
German RegenbogenforelleLachsforelleForelle  [details]
Italian trotta iridea  [details]
Japanese ニジマス  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål regnbueørret  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk regnbogeaure  [details]
Polish pstrąg tęczowy  [details]
Russian радужная форельМикижакамчатская семга  [details]
Spanish trucha arcoiris  [details]
Swedish regnbåge  [details]
Welsh brithyll seithliw  [details]
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